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Abstract

The modular multilevel converter (MMC) based high-voltage dc (HVDC)-connected offshore wind farm (OWF) is power electronic converter dominated power system, where the conventional current differential protection may not operate effectively. Based on the basic operation principle of the current differential relay, this paper points out that the phase difference (ϕdiff) of fault currents from MMC and OWF should be limited within a specific range, i.e. (-ϕdiffmax, ϕdiffmax), to guarantee the reliable tripping of the current differential relay. Yet, the highly control-dependent fault currents from the MMC and OWF could yield an arbitrary ϕdiff that might beyond (-ϕdiffmax, ϕdiffmax), which leads to the possible malfunction of the current differential relay. To tackle this challenge, the coordinated control method of MMC is proposed to align the phase angle of its fault current with that of the OWF, such that ϕdiff ∈ (-ϕdiffmax, ϕdiffmax) can be always guaranteed, so as the reliable operation of the current differential relay. Finally, the proposed coordinated control is verified by the electromagnetic transient (EMT) simulations in PSCAD and the real-time digital simulator (RTDS).
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer108952
TidsskriftInternational Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems
Vol/bind148
Sider (fra-til)1-13
Antal sider13
ISSN0142-0615
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jun. 2023

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