Fluid dynamics in a full-scale flat sheet MBR, an experimental and numerical study

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

Fluid dynamics is used for fouling mitigation in MBRs, whereby a proper understanding of the fluid dynamics is of great interest. The influence of fluid dynamics has led to the use of computational fluid dynamics for optimizing MBR systems. In this work, a model has been validated for flat sheet membranes, with use of the Eulerian multiphase method. The model is validated against a comparable setup where the liquid velocities are measured with an LDA. Furthermore, the Eulerian multiphase approach is validated against the more numerical direct VOF approach with sludge properties for the liquid, resulting in an error between the models of less than 2 % for the wall shear stresses. The VOF model further showed that the horizontal components contribute significantly to the total wall shear stresses. The model has been applied to a full-scale setup for studying the effect of deflecting membranes as deflections have been seen in production. Minimizing the deflection of the membrane sheets was crucial to achieve good operating condition as a deflection of 2 mm in a setup with a gap of 7 mm decreased the wall shear stresses with as much a 40 % in average on the specific membrane surface.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftWater Science and Technology
Vol/bind78
Udgave nummer10
Sider (fra-til)2077-2087
ISSN0273-1223
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2018

Fingerprint

fluid dynamics
Fluid dynamics
Bioreactors
bioreactor
membrane
Membranes
deflection
shear stress
Shear stress
liquid
Fluids
fluid
anemometer
Anemometers
Liquids
Fouling
computational fluid dynamics
fouling
Computational fluid dynamics
mitigation

Emneord

  • Flat sheet membranes
  • Fluid dynamics
  • Fouling mitigation
  • MBR
  • Rising bubbles
  • Shear stress

Citer dette

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title = "Fluid dynamics in a full-scale flat sheet MBR, an experimental and numerical study",
abstract = "Fluid dynamics is used for fouling mitigation in membrane bioreactors (MBRs), whereby a proper understanding of the fluid dynamics is of great interest. The influence of fluid dynamics has led to the use of computational fluid dynamics for optimizing MBR systems. In this work, a model has been validated for flat sheet membranes, with use of the Eulerian multiphase method. The model is validated against a comparable setup where the liquid velocities are measured with a laser Doppler anemometer (LDA). Furthermore, the Eulerian multiphase approach is validated against the more numerical direct volume of fluid (VOF) approach with sludge properties for the liquid, resulting in an error between the models of less than 2{\%} for the wall shear stresses. The VOF model further showed that the horizontal components contribute significantly to the total wall shear stresses. The model has been applied to a full-scale setup for studying the effect of deflecting membranes as deflections have been seen in production. Minimizing the deflection of the membrane sheets was crucial to achieve a good operating condition as a deflection of 2 mm in a setup with a gap of 7 mm decreased the wall shear stresses with as much as 40{\%} on average on the specific membrane surface.",
keywords = "Flat sheet membranes, Fluid dynamics, Fouling mitigation, MBR, Rising bubbles, Shear stress, Flat sheet membranes, Fluid dynamics, Fouling mitigation, MBR, Rising bubbles, Shear stress",
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year = "2018",
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language = "English",
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pages = "2077--2087",
journal = "Water Science and Technology",
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Fluid dynamics in a full-scale flat sheet MBR, an experimental and numerical study. / Sørensen, Lasse; Bentzen, Thomas Ruby.

I: Water Science and Technology, Bind 78, Nr. 10, 2018, s. 2077-2087.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

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AU - Bentzen, Thomas Ruby

PY - 2018

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N2 - Fluid dynamics is used for fouling mitigation in membrane bioreactors (MBRs), whereby a proper understanding of the fluid dynamics is of great interest. The influence of fluid dynamics has led to the use of computational fluid dynamics for optimizing MBR systems. In this work, a model has been validated for flat sheet membranes, with use of the Eulerian multiphase method. The model is validated against a comparable setup where the liquid velocities are measured with a laser Doppler anemometer (LDA). Furthermore, the Eulerian multiphase approach is validated against the more numerical direct volume of fluid (VOF) approach with sludge properties for the liquid, resulting in an error between the models of less than 2% for the wall shear stresses. The VOF model further showed that the horizontal components contribute significantly to the total wall shear stresses. The model has been applied to a full-scale setup for studying the effect of deflecting membranes as deflections have been seen in production. Minimizing the deflection of the membrane sheets was crucial to achieve a good operating condition as a deflection of 2 mm in a setup with a gap of 7 mm decreased the wall shear stresses with as much as 40% on average on the specific membrane surface.

AB - Fluid dynamics is used for fouling mitigation in membrane bioreactors (MBRs), whereby a proper understanding of the fluid dynamics is of great interest. The influence of fluid dynamics has led to the use of computational fluid dynamics for optimizing MBR systems. In this work, a model has been validated for flat sheet membranes, with use of the Eulerian multiphase method. The model is validated against a comparable setup where the liquid velocities are measured with a laser Doppler anemometer (LDA). Furthermore, the Eulerian multiphase approach is validated against the more numerical direct volume of fluid (VOF) approach with sludge properties for the liquid, resulting in an error between the models of less than 2% for the wall shear stresses. The VOF model further showed that the horizontal components contribute significantly to the total wall shear stresses. The model has been applied to a full-scale setup for studying the effect of deflecting membranes as deflections have been seen in production. Minimizing the deflection of the membrane sheets was crucial to achieve a good operating condition as a deflection of 2 mm in a setup with a gap of 7 mm decreased the wall shear stresses with as much as 40% on average on the specific membrane surface.

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KW - Fouling mitigation

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KW - Rising bubbles

KW - Shear stress

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