Follow-up of patients after colpectomy or Le Fort colpocleisis: Single center experience

Aiste Ugianskiene*, Karin Glavind

*Kontaktforfatter

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

1 Citationer (Scopus)
32 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Objective: As the population ages, obliterative procedures (OP) are expected to become an increasingly important treatment option. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate vaginal and urinary symptoms 3 months after OP and peri- and postoperative complications. The secondary aim was to investigate long-term outcomes, including patient satisfaction, regret rate and the rate of symptomatic recurrent prolapse after OP. Another secondary aim was to evaluate the feasibility of performing OP under local anesthesia (LA) as increasingly more operations are performed under LA. Study design: Retrospective study of 43 women who underwent OP during a 10-year period. Patients completed three prolapse questions from the International Consultation on Incontinence-Vaginal Symptoms (ICIQ-VS) and the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire- Urinary Incontinence Short Form (ICIQ-UI SF) before undergoing surgery, 3 months postoperatively and at long-term follow-up. Records were reviewed for complications, use of anesthetics, recurrences, patient satisfaction and regret. Results: A Le Fort colpocleisis was performed in 31 (72 %) and a colpectomy in 12 (28 %) patients. At 3 months‘ follow-up, patients had a statistically significant improvement in vaginal symptoms. Twelve patients (46 %) became continent, compared with 14 (54 %) with remaining urinary incontinence (UI). There were no patients with de novo UI 3 months’ after surgery. Total complication rate was 4,6% (2/43). A symptomatic recurrent prolapse occurred in 4 patients (9.3 %). The satisfaction rate was 86 %. No patients reported regret choosing to have vaginal closure surgery. Twenty one (49 %) of the procedures were performed under local anesthesia with intravenous sedation. Conclusion: Obliterative procedures are good surgical options for elderly women with a positive impact on vaginal and urinary symptoms, low complication and recurrence rate. Patients report high satisfaction and no regret over loss of sexual ability at longterm follow-up. OP under LA with intravenous sedation is a feasible and safe option.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftEuropean Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology
Vol/bind262
Sider (fra-til)142-146
Antal sider5
ISSN0301-2115
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jul. 2021

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Copyright © 2021 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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