Distribution of heating costs in multi-story apartment buildings

Bidragets oversatte titel: Fordeling af varmeudgifter i etageboliger

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Resumé

Under current rules in the Danish Meter Order at least 40% of the total heating costs in multi-story blocks of flats should be distributed by metering the consumption in individual apartments. This fixed share is the result of a previous study that showed that 40% of the total heating costs were used for space heating, 35% for production and heat loss associated with hot water consumption and finally 25% of heat losses in the heating system. It is interesting to investigate whether this distribution remains representative in both existing buildings, where older buildings still dominate, as in newer and future standard of blocks of flats.
Intuitively, we would like to settle 100% of the costs attributable to space heating, by individual meters. Thereby, tenants will pay for their own consumption which encourages energy savings. This is an excellent method for electricity, gas and water but for heating it is a much more complex issue. For instance, if a pensioner wants or needs a higher indoor temperature the expenses will become disproportionate due to heat transmission through internal walls, floors and ceilings. This is particularly pronounced in well-insulated buildings where the heat loss to the outdoor climate constitutes only a small proportion of the total heating consumption. It is therefore interesting to investigate the consequences for the distribution of heating costs by differentiated indoor temperatures in both older and new multi-story apartment buildings.
This paper describes an analysis of the possibilities regarding individual metering and fair distribution of heating costs in multi-story apartment buildings. The overall conclusion of the analysis is that there are several significant problems related to this issue, and it becomes even more complicated when space heating only accounts for 30% in new buildings (2010 requirement) and 5-10% in future buildings (2020 requirement).
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftEnergy Procedia
Vol/bind132
Sider (fra-til)1012-1017
Antal sider6
ISSN1876-6102
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 25 okt. 2017
Begivenhed11th Nordic Symposium on Building Physics - The Electro Building at Gløshaugen campus, NTNU, Trondheim, Norge
Varighed: 11 jun. 201714 jun. 2017
Konferencens nummer: 11
http://www.ntnu.edu/web/nsb2017/home
http://www.ntnu.edu/nsb2017

Konference

Konference11th Nordic Symposium on Building Physics
Nummer11
LokationThe Electro Building at Gløshaugen campus, NTNU
LandNorge
ByTrondheim
Periode11/06/201714/06/2017
Internetadresse

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Heating
Space heating
Costs
Heat losses
Ceilings
Water
Energy conservation
Electricity
Temperature
Gases

Emneord

  • Heating costs
  • Distribution
  • Multi-storey blocks of flats

Citer dette

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title = "Distribution of heating costs in multi-story apartment buildings",
abstract = "Under current rules in the Danish Meter Order at least 40{\%} of the total heating costs in multi-story blocks of flats should be distributed by metering the consumption in individual apartments. This fixed share is the result of a previous study that showed that 40{\%} of the total heating costs were used for space heating, 35{\%} for production and heat loss associated with hot water consumption and finally 25{\%} of heat losses in the heating system. It is interesting to investigate whether this distribution remains representative in both existing buildings, where older buildings still dominate, as in newer and future standard of blocks of flats.Intuitively, we would like to settle 100{\%} of the costs attributable to space heating, by individual meters. Thereby, tenants will pay for their own consumption which encourages energy savings. This is an excellent method for electricity, gas and water but for heating it is a much more complex issue. For instance, if a pensioner wants or needs a higher indoor temperature the expenses will become disproportionate due to heat transmission through internal walls, floors and ceilings. This is particularly pronounced in well-insulated buildings where the heat loss to the outdoor climate constitutes only a small proportion of the total heating consumption. It is therefore interesting to investigate the consequences for the distribution of heating costs by differentiated indoor temperatures in both older and new multi-story apartment buildings.This paper describes an analysis of the possibilities regarding individual metering and fair distribution of heating costs in multi-story apartment buildings. The overall conclusion of the analysis is that there are several significant problems related to this issue, and it becomes even more complicated when space heating only accounts for 30{\%} in new buildings (2010 requirement) and 5-10{\%} in future buildings (2020 requirement).",
keywords = "Heating costs, Distribution, Multi-storey blocks of flats, Heating costs, Distribution, Multi-storey blocks of flats",
author = "J{\o}rgen Rose and Jesper Kragh",
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}

Distribution of heating costs in multi-story apartment buildings. / Rose, Jørgen; Kragh, Jesper.

I: Energy Procedia, Bind 132, 25.10.2017, s. 1012-1017.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftKonferenceartikel i tidsskriftForskningpeer review

TY - GEN

T1 - Distribution of heating costs in multi-story apartment buildings

AU - Rose, Jørgen

AU - Kragh, Jesper

PY - 2017/10/25

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N2 - Under current rules in the Danish Meter Order at least 40% of the total heating costs in multi-story blocks of flats should be distributed by metering the consumption in individual apartments. This fixed share is the result of a previous study that showed that 40% of the total heating costs were used for space heating, 35% for production and heat loss associated with hot water consumption and finally 25% of heat losses in the heating system. It is interesting to investigate whether this distribution remains representative in both existing buildings, where older buildings still dominate, as in newer and future standard of blocks of flats.Intuitively, we would like to settle 100% of the costs attributable to space heating, by individual meters. Thereby, tenants will pay for their own consumption which encourages energy savings. This is an excellent method for electricity, gas and water but for heating it is a much more complex issue. For instance, if a pensioner wants or needs a higher indoor temperature the expenses will become disproportionate due to heat transmission through internal walls, floors and ceilings. This is particularly pronounced in well-insulated buildings where the heat loss to the outdoor climate constitutes only a small proportion of the total heating consumption. It is therefore interesting to investigate the consequences for the distribution of heating costs by differentiated indoor temperatures in both older and new multi-story apartment buildings.This paper describes an analysis of the possibilities regarding individual metering and fair distribution of heating costs in multi-story apartment buildings. The overall conclusion of the analysis is that there are several significant problems related to this issue, and it becomes even more complicated when space heating only accounts for 30% in new buildings (2010 requirement) and 5-10% in future buildings (2020 requirement).

AB - Under current rules in the Danish Meter Order at least 40% of the total heating costs in multi-story blocks of flats should be distributed by metering the consumption in individual apartments. This fixed share is the result of a previous study that showed that 40% of the total heating costs were used for space heating, 35% for production and heat loss associated with hot water consumption and finally 25% of heat losses in the heating system. It is interesting to investigate whether this distribution remains representative in both existing buildings, where older buildings still dominate, as in newer and future standard of blocks of flats.Intuitively, we would like to settle 100% of the costs attributable to space heating, by individual meters. Thereby, tenants will pay for their own consumption which encourages energy savings. This is an excellent method for electricity, gas and water but for heating it is a much more complex issue. For instance, if a pensioner wants or needs a higher indoor temperature the expenses will become disproportionate due to heat transmission through internal walls, floors and ceilings. This is particularly pronounced in well-insulated buildings where the heat loss to the outdoor climate constitutes only a small proportion of the total heating consumption. It is therefore interesting to investigate the consequences for the distribution of heating costs by differentiated indoor temperatures in both older and new multi-story apartment buildings.This paper describes an analysis of the possibilities regarding individual metering and fair distribution of heating costs in multi-story apartment buildings. The overall conclusion of the analysis is that there are several significant problems related to this issue, and it becomes even more complicated when space heating only accounts for 30% in new buildings (2010 requirement) and 5-10% in future buildings (2020 requirement).

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KW - Heating costs

KW - Distribution

KW - Multi-storey blocks of flats

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