Hardening in laser forming under the temperature gradient mechanism

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Laser forming is a contactless thermal forming process that can be applied for both single and double-curved geometries. When it comes to prototyping and small batch production, laser forming has the potential to compete with conventional sheet-metal forming processes; however, an investigation of the relationship between process parameters, hardness distribution and the bend rate is lacking. This study examines the influence of using different sets of processing parameters on the bend rate and the hardness distribution. ANSI 304 stainless steel samples of 1 and 3 mm thickness are laser formed up to 90° with a bend radius equal to their thickness. A theoretical discussion of the material’s hardening kinetics is used to generalize the results. Micro-Vickers hardness test is used to measure the hardness distribution along the 3 mm samples to support the theoretical discussion. The results show that the bend rate increases when using different sets of process parameters; furthermore, the bend arc length has shown to have a significant influence over the bend rate. An increase of hardness is observed on the bottom side of the laser formed samples, indicating potential strain hardening.
TidsskriftIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
StatusUdgivet - 1 nov. 2021
Begivenhed18th Nordic Laser Materials Processing Conference - Luleå, Sverige
Varighed: 18 jan. 202220 jan. 2022


Konference18th Nordic Laser Materials Processing Conference


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