How to reorganize governance to support ecosystem-based fisheries management? The cases of Baltic salmon and herring

Päivi Elisabet Haapasaari, Alyne Delaney, Suvi Ignatius, Mia Pihlajamäki, Simo Sarkki

Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapport/konference proceedingKonferenceabstrakt i proceedingForskning

Resumé

The EU Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) has adopted an ecosystem-based approach to fisheries management (EBFM), to minimize the negative impacts of fishing activities on the marine ecosystem. The approach entails a shift from single-species management to a holistic one that considers the interaction between ecosystem components and between the ecosystem and society, and strives for integrated and adaptive management, involving stakeholders. The implementation of EBFM is, however, challenging due to e.g. mismatch between governance and ecosystem boundaries, and the resulting poor understanding of the social-ecological systems (SES). This paper aims to explore what requirements EBFM poses for governance at different levels and to assess how reorganizing governance could, in turn, improve SES understanding. We apply the theoretical framework of governability (Kooiman et al.) to qualitative empirical material and literature concerning Baltic salmon and herring fisheries to 1) analyze the complexity, diversity and dynamics of the fisheries systems to be governed, 2) identify elements, modes and orders of governance needed for the EBFM of the SES, and 3) characterize patterns of interactions for the governing system to match the scale and scope of the system to be governed. Baltic salmon and herring have a predator-prey relationship, and a problem of high dioxin levels in common. However, the relationship of the fisheries with society differs in terms of socio-cultural values and use. Finally, we assess the governability of these fisheries in the framework of the EBFM, given the CFP aims of ensuring social-ecological wellbeing and food security and safety.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TitelICES ASC 2018
ForlagInternational Council for the Exploration of the Sea, (ICES)
Publikationsdatosep. 2017
StatusUdgivet - sep. 2017
BegivenhedICES Annual Science Conference 2017 - Greater Fort Lauderdale/Broward County Convention Center , Fort Lauderdale, USA
Varighed: 18 sep. 201721 sep. 2017
http://www.ices.dk/news-and-events/asc/ASC2017/Pages/default.aspx

Konference

KonferenceICES Annual Science Conference 2017
LokationGreater Fort Lauderdale/Broward County Convention Center
LandUSA
ByFort Lauderdale
Periode18/09/201721/09/2017
Internetadresse

Fingerprint

fishery management
ecosystem
fishery
Common Fisheries Policy
food safety
adaptive management
food security
marine ecosystem
dioxin
fishing
stakeholder
predator

Citer dette

Haapasaari, P. E., Delaney, A., Ignatius, S., Pihlajamäki, M., & Sarkki, S. (2017). How to reorganize governance to support ecosystem-based fisheries management? The cases of Baltic salmon and herring. I ICES ASC 2018 International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, (ICES).
Haapasaari, Päivi Elisabet ; Delaney, Alyne ; Ignatius, Suvi ; Pihlajamäki, Mia ; Sarkki, Simo. / How to reorganize governance to support ecosystem-based fisheries management? The cases of Baltic salmon and herring. ICES ASC 2018. International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, (ICES), 2017.
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Haapasaari, PE, Delaney, A, Ignatius, S, Pihlajamäki, M & Sarkki, S 2017, How to reorganize governance to support ecosystem-based fisheries management? The cases of Baltic salmon and herring. i ICES ASC 2018. International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, (ICES), Fort Lauderdale, USA, 18/09/2017.

How to reorganize governance to support ecosystem-based fisheries management? The cases of Baltic salmon and herring. / Haapasaari, Päivi Elisabet; Delaney, Alyne; Ignatius, Suvi; Pihlajamäki, Mia; Sarkki, Simo.

ICES ASC 2018. International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, (ICES), 2017.

Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapport/konference proceedingKonferenceabstrakt i proceedingForskning

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T1 - How to reorganize governance to support ecosystem-based fisheries management? The cases of Baltic salmon and herring

AU - Haapasaari, Päivi Elisabet

AU - Delaney, Alyne

AU - Ignatius, Suvi

AU - Pihlajamäki, Mia

AU - Sarkki, Simo

PY - 2017/9

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N2 - The EU Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) has adopted an ecosystem-based approach to fisheries management (EBFM), to minimize the negative impacts of fishing activities on the marine ecosystem. The approach entails a shift from single-species management to a holistic one that considers the interaction between ecosystem components and between the ecosystem and society, and strives for integrated and adaptive management, involving stakeholders. The implementation of EBFM is, however, challenging due to e.g. mismatch between governance and ecosystem boundaries, and the resulting poor understanding of the social-ecological systems (SES). This paper aims to explore what requirements EBFM poses for governance at different levels and to assess how reorganizing governance could, in turn, improve SES understanding. We apply the theoretical framework of governability (Kooiman et al.) to qualitative empirical material and literature concerning Baltic salmon and herring fisheries to 1) analyze the complexity, diversity and dynamics of the fisheries systems to be governed, 2) identify elements, modes and orders of governance needed for the EBFM of the SES, and 3) characterize patterns of interactions for the governing system to match the scale and scope of the system to be governed. Baltic salmon and herring have a predator-prey relationship, and a problem of high dioxin levels in common. However, the relationship of the fisheries with society differs in terms of socio-cultural values and use. Finally, we assess the governability of these fisheries in the framework of the EBFM, given the CFP aims of ensuring social-ecological wellbeing and food security and safety.

AB - The EU Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) has adopted an ecosystem-based approach to fisheries management (EBFM), to minimize the negative impacts of fishing activities on the marine ecosystem. The approach entails a shift from single-species management to a holistic one that considers the interaction between ecosystem components and between the ecosystem and society, and strives for integrated and adaptive management, involving stakeholders. The implementation of EBFM is, however, challenging due to e.g. mismatch between governance and ecosystem boundaries, and the resulting poor understanding of the social-ecological systems (SES). This paper aims to explore what requirements EBFM poses for governance at different levels and to assess how reorganizing governance could, in turn, improve SES understanding. We apply the theoretical framework of governability (Kooiman et al.) to qualitative empirical material and literature concerning Baltic salmon and herring fisheries to 1) analyze the complexity, diversity and dynamics of the fisheries systems to be governed, 2) identify elements, modes and orders of governance needed for the EBFM of the SES, and 3) characterize patterns of interactions for the governing system to match the scale and scope of the system to be governed. Baltic salmon and herring have a predator-prey relationship, and a problem of high dioxin levels in common. However, the relationship of the fisheries with society differs in terms of socio-cultural values and use. Finally, we assess the governability of these fisheries in the framework of the EBFM, given the CFP aims of ensuring social-ecological wellbeing and food security and safety.

KW - Baltic herring

KW - Baltic salmon

KW - interactive governance

KW - governability

KW - stakeholders

M3 - Conference abstract in proceeding

BT - ICES ASC 2018

PB - International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, (ICES)

ER -

Haapasaari PE, Delaney A, Ignatius S, Pihlajamäki M, Sarkki S. How to reorganize governance to support ecosystem-based fisheries management? The cases of Baltic salmon and herring. I ICES ASC 2018. International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, (ICES). 2017