Human Gastrointestinal Transit and Hormonal Response to Different Meal Types: A Randomized Crossover Study

Marie Møller Jensen, Hanne Pedersen, Kim Katrine Bjerring Clemmensen, Anne-Marie Langmach Wegeberg, Nina Wittorff Jensen, Jonas Salling Quist, Kristine Færch, Christina Brock*


Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

4 Citationer (Scopus)


BACKGROUND: The wireless motility capsule (WMC) technique is a noninvasive and radiation-free method for measuring regional and whole gut transit in response to ingestion of a granola bar (SmartBar) or an eggbeater meal. The WMC has the potential to measure gastrointestinal transit in metabolic research as part of a standardized mixed meal tolerance test.

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate gastrointestinal transit with the WMC and postprandial plasma/serum concentrations of metabolites and gastrointestinal hormones as well as subjective appetite following ingestion of a SmartBar compared with a standardized mixed meal.

METHODS: Fourteen healthy participants [3 men, median (IQR) age 53.8 (45.8; 64.50) y, body weight 63.9 (59.9; 69.7) kg, BMI 23.1 (21.8; 23.9) kg/m2] completed a 2-d crossover study. Following ingestion of either a SmartBar (260 kcal, 7 energy percent (E%) fat, 74E% carbohydrate, and 19E% protein) or a standardized mixed meal (498 kcal, 34E% fat, 49E% carbohydrate, and 17E% protein), participants swallowed the WMC. Blood samples were drawn in the fasted state and postprandially for analyses of gastrointestinal hormones and metabolites. The primary outcome was difference in gastric emptying time between the 2 test days. Wilcoxon signed rank tests were used to test differences between test days.

RESULTS: Median (IQR) gastric emptying time was 98.0 (70.0; 113.0) min longer (P = 0.001) and incremental area under the curve of triglyceride, glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide, and peptide YY were 40 mmol/L × min, 45.7%, and 63.7% greater after the standardized mixed meal compared with the SmartBar (all P < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS: The WMC can be used in combination with a standardized mixed meal for evaluation of gastrointestinal transit in healthy men and women. Gastric emptying time was prolonged in response to the standardized mixed meal whereas transit times of the small bowel, colon, and whole gut did not differ between the test meals.

TidsskriftThe Journal of Nutrition
Udgave nummer5
Sider (fra-til)1358-1369
Antal sider12
StatusUdgivet - maj 2022

Bibliografisk note

© The Author(s) 2022. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the American Society for Nutrition.


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