Hybridization among wild boars, local breeds and commercial breeds - preliminary results

Laura Iacolina, Jana Bakan, Vlatka Cubric-Curik, Szilvia Kusza, Oja Ragne, Urmas Saarma, Massimo Scandura, Cino Pertoldi

Publikation: Konferencebidrag uden forlag/tidsskriftKonferenceabstrakt til konferenceForskningpeer review

Resumé

Sus scrofa is one of the most widespread mammal species and it is
heavily managed throughout its range in both its domestic and
wild form. The wild boar is one of the most relevant game species
in Europe but it is also considered a pest as it can produce
economically important crop damages. Hybridization with the
domestic pig is known to occur in Europe, however the degree and
extent of the phenomenon is not fully understood yet.
Introgression is considered to be a treat to biodiversity and could
lead to loss of local adaptation or introgression in the wild
population of human selected genes. A better understanding of the
hybridization levels at European scale would provide an important
tool for the development of management plans aimed at reducing
human conflict but also at preserving biodiversity and genetic
differentiation. Additionally, this information would provide new
perspectives on infection routes for pig diseases and zoonoses.
Here we report the first results of an ongoing study using genome
wide SNPs data. Concordantly with previous studies we found
variable levels of introgression from non-detectable to quite high
according to sampling location. Interestingly, we also observed
gradients in variability levels among the analysed wild and
domestic populations. This preliminary results will be further
investigated to address the possible presence of hybrid zone(s) in
Europe and the possible implications for conservation and
management of both wild populations and local pig breeds, as well
as the development of contingency plans for infectious pig
diseases.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Publikationsdato2016
StatusUdgivet - 2016
BegivenhedConference on Conservation Genomics - Campus de Vairão, Vairão, Portugal
Varighed: 3 maj 20166 maj 2016

Konference

KonferenceConference on Conservation Genomics
LokationCampus de Vairão
LandPortugal
ByVairão
Periode03/05/201606/05/2016

Fingerprint

wild boars
introgression
hybridization
breeds
biodiversity
crop damage
swine diseases
swine breeds
Sus scrofa
zoonoses
pests
mammals
swine
infection
genes
sampling

Citer dette

Iacolina, L., Bakan, J., Cubric-Curik, V., Kusza, S., Ragne, O., Saarma, U., ... Pertoldi, C. (2016). Hybridization among wild boars, local breeds and commercial breeds - preliminary results. Abstract fra Conference on Conservation Genomics, Vairão, Portugal.
Iacolina, Laura ; Bakan, Jana ; Cubric-Curik, Vlatka ; Kusza, Szilvia ; Ragne, Oja ; Saarma, Urmas ; Scandura, Massimo ; Pertoldi, Cino. / Hybridization among wild boars, local breeds and commercial breeds - preliminary results. Abstract fra Conference on Conservation Genomics, Vairão, Portugal.
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title = "Hybridization among wild boars, local breeds and commercial breeds - preliminary results",
abstract = "Sus scrofa is one of the most widespread mammal species and it isheavily managed throughout its range in both its domestic andwild form. The wild boar is one of the most relevant game speciesin Europe but it is also considered a pest as it can produceeconomically important crop damages. Hybridization with thedomestic pig is known to occur in Europe, however the degree andextent of the phenomenon is not fully understood yet.Introgression is considered to be a treat to biodiversity and couldlead to loss of local adaptation or introgression in the wildpopulation of human selected genes. A better understanding of thehybridization levels at European scale would provide an importanttool for the development of management plans aimed at reducinghuman conflict but also at preserving biodiversity and geneticdifferentiation. Additionally, this information would provide newperspectives on infection routes for pig diseases and zoonoses.Here we report the first results of an ongoing study using genomewide SNPs data. Concordantly with previous studies we foundvariable levels of introgression from non-detectable to quite highaccording to sampling location. Interestingly, we also observedgradients in variability levels among the analysed wild anddomestic populations. This preliminary results will be furtherinvestigated to address the possible presence of hybrid zone(s) inEurope and the possible implications for conservation andmanagement of both wild populations and local pig breeds, as wellas the development of contingency plans for infectious pigdiseases.",
author = "Laura Iacolina and Jana Bakan and Vlatka Cubric-Curik and Szilvia Kusza and Oja Ragne and Urmas Saarma and Massimo Scandura and Cino Pertoldi",
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Iacolina, L, Bakan, J, Cubric-Curik, V, Kusza, S, Ragne, O, Saarma, U, Scandura, M & Pertoldi, C 2016, 'Hybridization among wild boars, local breeds and commercial breeds - preliminary results', Vairão, Portugal, 03/05/2016 - 06/05/2016, .

Hybridization among wild boars, local breeds and commercial breeds - preliminary results. / Iacolina, Laura; Bakan, Jana; Cubric-Curik, Vlatka; Kusza, Szilvia; Ragne, Oja; Saarma, Urmas; Scandura, Massimo; Pertoldi, Cino.

2016. Abstract fra Conference on Conservation Genomics, Vairão, Portugal.

Publikation: Konferencebidrag uden forlag/tidsskriftKonferenceabstrakt til konferenceForskningpeer review

TY - ABST

T1 - Hybridization among wild boars, local breeds and commercial breeds - preliminary results

AU - Iacolina, Laura

AU - Bakan, Jana

AU - Cubric-Curik, Vlatka

AU - Kusza, Szilvia

AU - Ragne, Oja

AU - Saarma, Urmas

AU - Scandura, Massimo

AU - Pertoldi, Cino

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Sus scrofa is one of the most widespread mammal species and it isheavily managed throughout its range in both its domestic andwild form. The wild boar is one of the most relevant game speciesin Europe but it is also considered a pest as it can produceeconomically important crop damages. Hybridization with thedomestic pig is known to occur in Europe, however the degree andextent of the phenomenon is not fully understood yet.Introgression is considered to be a treat to biodiversity and couldlead to loss of local adaptation or introgression in the wildpopulation of human selected genes. A better understanding of thehybridization levels at European scale would provide an importanttool for the development of management plans aimed at reducinghuman conflict but also at preserving biodiversity and geneticdifferentiation. Additionally, this information would provide newperspectives on infection routes for pig diseases and zoonoses.Here we report the first results of an ongoing study using genomewide SNPs data. Concordantly with previous studies we foundvariable levels of introgression from non-detectable to quite highaccording to sampling location. Interestingly, we also observedgradients in variability levels among the analysed wild anddomestic populations. This preliminary results will be furtherinvestigated to address the possible presence of hybrid zone(s) inEurope and the possible implications for conservation andmanagement of both wild populations and local pig breeds, as wellas the development of contingency plans for infectious pigdiseases.

AB - Sus scrofa is one of the most widespread mammal species and it isheavily managed throughout its range in both its domestic andwild form. The wild boar is one of the most relevant game speciesin Europe but it is also considered a pest as it can produceeconomically important crop damages. Hybridization with thedomestic pig is known to occur in Europe, however the degree andextent of the phenomenon is not fully understood yet.Introgression is considered to be a treat to biodiversity and couldlead to loss of local adaptation or introgression in the wildpopulation of human selected genes. A better understanding of thehybridization levels at European scale would provide an importanttool for the development of management plans aimed at reducinghuman conflict but also at preserving biodiversity and geneticdifferentiation. Additionally, this information would provide newperspectives on infection routes for pig diseases and zoonoses.Here we report the first results of an ongoing study using genomewide SNPs data. Concordantly with previous studies we foundvariable levels of introgression from non-detectable to quite highaccording to sampling location. Interestingly, we also observedgradients in variability levels among the analysed wild anddomestic populations. This preliminary results will be furtherinvestigated to address the possible presence of hybrid zone(s) inEurope and the possible implications for conservation andmanagement of both wild populations and local pig breeds, as wellas the development of contingency plans for infectious pigdiseases.

M3 - Conference abstract for conference

ER -

Iacolina L, Bakan J, Cubric-Curik V, Kusza S, Ragne O, Saarma U et al. Hybridization among wild boars, local breeds and commercial breeds - preliminary results. 2016. Abstract fra Conference on Conservation Genomics, Vairão, Portugal.