Resumé

Background. Sequences of spaces are known to architects to have a certain impact on the perception and affective evaluation of spaces (1). Transitions themselves can be defined in time by the juncture between two spaces, and spatially as a delineating threshold between them, generally revealing a possibility for passing the threshold. Here, we investigated transitions using openings as delineating threshold, to gain a deeper understanding of the perceived affordance (2) of crossing the openings and how this impacts evaluation of the space. Transitioning from space to space includes coordinating the body according to certain spatial delineations, such as openings, and their configuration. We position this study as a link to the broader investigation of cognitive predictive mechanisms to better understand architectural transitions. The aim of this study is to investigate whether the physical passing, referring to affordances and active inference (3–5), co-vary with the motor-related cortical potentials (MRCPs), and whether these correlate with the emotional valence.
Method. Using a Mobile Brain/Body Imaging (MoBI) approach (6–8) we combined head-mounted virtual reality (VR) with mobile electroencephalogram (EEG), to investigate transition through different virtual openings. Participants were asked to transition between two spaces passing through openings of varying width and successive ceiling height. Participants were introduced openings that were too narrow to pass and openings that were difficult, but possible to pass, as well as easily passable (see figure). The task entailed an action-dependent transit (50% of trials), with the final goal to reach a red circle in the successive space. After each trial participants were asked to fill in the SAM-questionnaire.
Results. We hypothesized to find more positive MRCP activity in pre-frontal and parietal areas prior to action in spaces that provide higher affordances, compared to spaces that hinder the agent (9). Furthermore, we investigate whether the ceiling height of the successive space has an emotional influence, and whether the MRCPs may correlate with the introspective decisions.
Discussion. This study investigates the neural dynamics underlying action and cognition as predictive mechanisms revealing first insights into the affective influences of transitions on spatial perception of sequentially experienced spaces. Moving beyond stationary architectural investigations, such as pictures, transitions in VR provide an excellent point of departure for animate architectural investigations. Further, this investigation contributes to the architectural discourse of defining spatial threshold, suggesting the threshold of space goes beyond sole visual representation, and in turn also depend on sufficiently re-orchestrating the planned bodily trajectory. Transitions in architecture are non-stationary experiences, as most of architectural experience, and such animate insights of the impact of action-dependent transitions give rise to questioning fundamental architectural themes, such as open-spaces, corners, flow and homogeneity. Mobile EEG studies of architectural settings are crucial to better understand the bodily impact of a constantly growing built environment.
References
1. Moretti L, Bucci F, Mulazzani M, DeConciliis M. Luigi (2002). Moretti: Works and writings. Princeton Architectural Press, 232 p.
2. Gibson J. (1979). The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception. Houghton Mifflin- Boston.
3. Friston K, Mattout J, Kilner J. (2011). Action understanding and active inference. Biol Cybern [Internet]. Feb 17 [cited 2018 Mar 5];104(1–2):137–60. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21327826
4. Friston KJ, Kilner J, Harrison L. (2006). A free energy principle for the brain. J Physiol,100(1–3):70–87.
5. Bruineberg J, Kiverstein J, Rietveld E. (2016). The anticipating brain is not a scientist: the free-energy principle from an ecological-enactive perspective. Synthese,1–28.
6. Makeig S, Gramann K, Jung T-P, Sejnowski TJ, Poizner H. (2009). Linking brain, mind and behavior. Int J Psychophysiol., 73(2):95–100.
7. Gramann K, Gwin JT, Ferris DP, Oie K, Jung T-P, Lin C-T, et al. (2011). Cognition in action: imaging brain/body dynamics in mobile humans. Rev Neurosci., 22(6):593–608.
8. Gramann K, Jung T-P, Ferris DP, Lin C-T, Makeig S. (2014). Toward a new cognitive neuroscience: modeling natural brain dynamics. Front Hum Neurosci., 8:444.
9. Bozzacchi C, Spinelli D, Pitzalis S, Giusti MA, Di Russo F. (2015). I know what I will see: action-specific motor preparation activity in a passive observation task. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci., 10(6):783–9.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TitelConference Proceedings of the 3rd International Mobile Brain/Body Imaging Conference
Antal sider2
Publikationsdato2018
Sider106-107
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2018
BegivenhedConference Proceedings of the 3rd International Mobile Brain/Body Imaging Conference -
Varighed: 12 jul. 201814 jul. 2018

Konference

KonferenceConference Proceedings of the 3rd International Mobile Brain/Body Imaging Conference
Periode12/07/201814/07/2018

Emneord

  • cognitive neuroscience
  • architectural cognition
  • predictive processing
  • affordances
  • active inference

Citer dette

Djebbara, A. Z., Fich, L. B., Petrini, L., & Gramann, K. (2018). Incentive architecture: Investigating spatial affordances in architecture using MoBI and VR. I Conference Proceedings of the 3rd International Mobile Brain/Body Imaging Conference (s. 106-107) https://doi.org/10.14279/depositonce-7236
Djebbara, Ali Zakaria ; Fich, Lars Brorson ; Petrini, Laura ; Gramann, Klaus. / Incentive architecture: Investigating spatial affordances in architecture using MoBI and VR. Conference Proceedings of the 3rd International Mobile Brain/Body Imaging Conference. 2018. s. 106-107
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title = "Incentive architecture: Investigating spatial affordances in architecture using MoBI and VR",
abstract = "Background. Sequences of spaces are known to architects to have a certain impact on the perception and affective evaluation of spaces (1). Transitions themselves can be defined in time by the juncture between two spaces, and spatially as a delineating threshold between them, generally revealing a possibility for passing the threshold. Here, we investigated transitions using openings as delineating threshold, to gain a deeper understanding of the perceived affordance (2) of crossing the openings and how this impacts evaluation of the space. Transitioning from space to space includes coordinating the body according to certain spatial delineations, such as openings, and their configuration. We position this study as a link to the broader investigation of cognitive predictive mechanisms to better understand architectural transitions. The aim of this study is to investigate whether the physical passing, referring to affordances and active inference (3–5), co-vary with the motor-related cortical potentials (MRCPs), and whether these correlate with the emotional valence.Method. Using a Mobile Brain/Body Imaging (MoBI) approach (6–8) we combined head-mounted virtual reality (VR) with mobile electroencephalogram (EEG), to investigate transition through different virtual openings. Participants were asked to transition between two spaces passing through openings of varying width and successive ceiling height. Participants were introduced openings that were too narrow to pass and openings that were difficult, but possible to pass, as well as easily passable (see figure). The task entailed an action-dependent transit (50{\%} of trials), with the final goal to reach a red circle in the successive space. After each trial participants were asked to fill in the SAM-questionnaire.Results. We hypothesized to find more positive MRCP activity in pre-frontal and parietal areas prior to action in spaces that provide higher affordances, compared to spaces that hinder the agent (9). Furthermore, we investigate whether the ceiling height of the successive space has an emotional influence, and whether the MRCPs may correlate with the introspective decisions.Discussion. This study investigates the neural dynamics underlying action and cognition as predictive mechanisms revealing first insights into the affective influences of transitions on spatial perception of sequentially experienced spaces. Moving beyond stationary architectural investigations, such as pictures, transitions in VR provide an excellent point of departure for animate architectural investigations. Further, this investigation contributes to the architectural discourse of defining spatial threshold, suggesting the threshold of space goes beyond sole visual representation, and in turn also depend on sufficiently re-orchestrating the planned bodily trajectory. Transitions in architecture are non-stationary experiences, as most of architectural experience, and such animate insights of the impact of action-dependent transitions give rise to questioning fundamental architectural themes, such as open-spaces, corners, flow and homogeneity. Mobile EEG studies of architectural settings are crucial to better understand the bodily impact of a constantly growing built environment.References1. Moretti L, Bucci F, Mulazzani M, DeConciliis M. Luigi (2002). Moretti: Works and writings. Princeton Architectural Press, 232 p.2. Gibson J. (1979). The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception. Houghton Mifflin- Boston.3. Friston K, Mattout J, Kilner J. (2011). Action understanding and active inference. Biol Cybern [Internet]. Feb 17 [cited 2018 Mar 5];104(1–2):137–60. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/213278264. Friston KJ, Kilner J, Harrison L. (2006). A free energy principle for the brain. J Physiol,100(1–3):70–87.5. Bruineberg J, Kiverstein J, Rietveld E. (2016). The anticipating brain is not a scientist: the free-energy principle from an ecological-enactive perspective. Synthese,1–28.6. Makeig S, Gramann K, Jung T-P, Sejnowski TJ, Poizner H. (2009). Linking brain, mind and behavior. Int J Psychophysiol., 73(2):95–100.7. Gramann K, Gwin JT, Ferris DP, Oie K, Jung T-P, Lin C-T, et al. (2011). Cognition in action: imaging brain/body dynamics in mobile humans. Rev Neurosci., 22(6):593–608.8. Gramann K, Jung T-P, Ferris DP, Lin C-T, Makeig S. (2014). Toward a new cognitive neuroscience: modeling natural brain dynamics. Front Hum Neurosci., 8:444.9. Bozzacchi C, Spinelli D, Pitzalis S, Giusti MA, Di Russo F. (2015). I know what I will see: action-specific motor preparation activity in a passive observation task. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci., 10(6):783–9.",
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year = "2018",
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language = "English",
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booktitle = "Conference Proceedings of the 3rd International Mobile Brain/Body Imaging Conference",

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Djebbara, AZ, Fich, LB, Petrini, L & Gramann, K 2018, Incentive architecture: Investigating spatial affordances in architecture using MoBI and VR. i Conference Proceedings of the 3rd International Mobile Brain/Body Imaging Conference. s. 106-107, Conference Proceedings of the 3rd International Mobile Brain/Body Imaging Conference, 12/07/2018. https://doi.org/10.14279/depositonce-7236

Incentive architecture: Investigating spatial affordances in architecture using MoBI and VR. / Djebbara, Ali Zakaria; Fich, Lars Brorson; Petrini, Laura; Gramann, Klaus.

Conference Proceedings of the 3rd International Mobile Brain/Body Imaging Conference. 2018. s. 106-107.

Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapport/konference proceedingKonferenceabstrakt i proceedingForskningpeer review

TY - ABST

T1 - Incentive architecture: Investigating spatial affordances in architecture using MoBI and VR

AU - Djebbara, Ali Zakaria

AU - Fich, Lars Brorson

AU - Petrini, Laura

AU - Gramann, Klaus

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Background. Sequences of spaces are known to architects to have a certain impact on the perception and affective evaluation of spaces (1). Transitions themselves can be defined in time by the juncture between two spaces, and spatially as a delineating threshold between them, generally revealing a possibility for passing the threshold. Here, we investigated transitions using openings as delineating threshold, to gain a deeper understanding of the perceived affordance (2) of crossing the openings and how this impacts evaluation of the space. Transitioning from space to space includes coordinating the body according to certain spatial delineations, such as openings, and their configuration. We position this study as a link to the broader investigation of cognitive predictive mechanisms to better understand architectural transitions. The aim of this study is to investigate whether the physical passing, referring to affordances and active inference (3–5), co-vary with the motor-related cortical potentials (MRCPs), and whether these correlate with the emotional valence.Method. Using a Mobile Brain/Body Imaging (MoBI) approach (6–8) we combined head-mounted virtual reality (VR) with mobile electroencephalogram (EEG), to investigate transition through different virtual openings. Participants were asked to transition between two spaces passing through openings of varying width and successive ceiling height. Participants were introduced openings that were too narrow to pass and openings that were difficult, but possible to pass, as well as easily passable (see figure). The task entailed an action-dependent transit (50% of trials), with the final goal to reach a red circle in the successive space. After each trial participants were asked to fill in the SAM-questionnaire.Results. We hypothesized to find more positive MRCP activity in pre-frontal and parietal areas prior to action in spaces that provide higher affordances, compared to spaces that hinder the agent (9). Furthermore, we investigate whether the ceiling height of the successive space has an emotional influence, and whether the MRCPs may correlate with the introspective decisions.Discussion. This study investigates the neural dynamics underlying action and cognition as predictive mechanisms revealing first insights into the affective influences of transitions on spatial perception of sequentially experienced spaces. Moving beyond stationary architectural investigations, such as pictures, transitions in VR provide an excellent point of departure for animate architectural investigations. Further, this investigation contributes to the architectural discourse of defining spatial threshold, suggesting the threshold of space goes beyond sole visual representation, and in turn also depend on sufficiently re-orchestrating the planned bodily trajectory. Transitions in architecture are non-stationary experiences, as most of architectural experience, and such animate insights of the impact of action-dependent transitions give rise to questioning fundamental architectural themes, such as open-spaces, corners, flow and homogeneity. Mobile EEG studies of architectural settings are crucial to better understand the bodily impact of a constantly growing built environment.References1. Moretti L, Bucci F, Mulazzani M, DeConciliis M. Luigi (2002). Moretti: Works and writings. Princeton Architectural Press, 232 p.2. Gibson J. (1979). The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception. Houghton Mifflin- Boston.3. Friston K, Mattout J, Kilner J. (2011). Action understanding and active inference. Biol Cybern [Internet]. Feb 17 [cited 2018 Mar 5];104(1–2):137–60. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/213278264. Friston KJ, Kilner J, Harrison L. (2006). A free energy principle for the brain. J Physiol,100(1–3):70–87.5. Bruineberg J, Kiverstein J, Rietveld E. (2016). The anticipating brain is not a scientist: the free-energy principle from an ecological-enactive perspective. Synthese,1–28.6. Makeig S, Gramann K, Jung T-P, Sejnowski TJ, Poizner H. (2009). Linking brain, mind and behavior. Int J Psychophysiol., 73(2):95–100.7. Gramann K, Gwin JT, Ferris DP, Oie K, Jung T-P, Lin C-T, et al. (2011). Cognition in action: imaging brain/body dynamics in mobile humans. Rev Neurosci., 22(6):593–608.8. Gramann K, Jung T-P, Ferris DP, Lin C-T, Makeig S. (2014). Toward a new cognitive neuroscience: modeling natural brain dynamics. Front Hum Neurosci., 8:444.9. Bozzacchi C, Spinelli D, Pitzalis S, Giusti MA, Di Russo F. (2015). I know what I will see: action-specific motor preparation activity in a passive observation task. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci., 10(6):783–9.

AB - Background. Sequences of spaces are known to architects to have a certain impact on the perception and affective evaluation of spaces (1). Transitions themselves can be defined in time by the juncture between two spaces, and spatially as a delineating threshold between them, generally revealing a possibility for passing the threshold. Here, we investigated transitions using openings as delineating threshold, to gain a deeper understanding of the perceived affordance (2) of crossing the openings and how this impacts evaluation of the space. Transitioning from space to space includes coordinating the body according to certain spatial delineations, such as openings, and their configuration. We position this study as a link to the broader investigation of cognitive predictive mechanisms to better understand architectural transitions. The aim of this study is to investigate whether the physical passing, referring to affordances and active inference (3–5), co-vary with the motor-related cortical potentials (MRCPs), and whether these correlate with the emotional valence.Method. Using a Mobile Brain/Body Imaging (MoBI) approach (6–8) we combined head-mounted virtual reality (VR) with mobile electroencephalogram (EEG), to investigate transition through different virtual openings. Participants were asked to transition between two spaces passing through openings of varying width and successive ceiling height. Participants were introduced openings that were too narrow to pass and openings that were difficult, but possible to pass, as well as easily passable (see figure). The task entailed an action-dependent transit (50% of trials), with the final goal to reach a red circle in the successive space. After each trial participants were asked to fill in the SAM-questionnaire.Results. We hypothesized to find more positive MRCP activity in pre-frontal and parietal areas prior to action in spaces that provide higher affordances, compared to spaces that hinder the agent (9). Furthermore, we investigate whether the ceiling height of the successive space has an emotional influence, and whether the MRCPs may correlate with the introspective decisions.Discussion. This study investigates the neural dynamics underlying action and cognition as predictive mechanisms revealing first insights into the affective influences of transitions on spatial perception of sequentially experienced spaces. Moving beyond stationary architectural investigations, such as pictures, transitions in VR provide an excellent point of departure for animate architectural investigations. Further, this investigation contributes to the architectural discourse of defining spatial threshold, suggesting the threshold of space goes beyond sole visual representation, and in turn also depend on sufficiently re-orchestrating the planned bodily trajectory. Transitions in architecture are non-stationary experiences, as most of architectural experience, and such animate insights of the impact of action-dependent transitions give rise to questioning fundamental architectural themes, such as open-spaces, corners, flow and homogeneity. Mobile EEG studies of architectural settings are crucial to better understand the bodily impact of a constantly growing built environment.References1. Moretti L, Bucci F, Mulazzani M, DeConciliis M. Luigi (2002). Moretti: Works and writings. Princeton Architectural Press, 232 p.2. Gibson J. (1979). The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception. Houghton Mifflin- Boston.3. Friston K, Mattout J, Kilner J. (2011). Action understanding and active inference. Biol Cybern [Internet]. Feb 17 [cited 2018 Mar 5];104(1–2):137–60. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/213278264. Friston KJ, Kilner J, Harrison L. (2006). A free energy principle for the brain. J Physiol,100(1–3):70–87.5. Bruineberg J, Kiverstein J, Rietveld E. (2016). The anticipating brain is not a scientist: the free-energy principle from an ecological-enactive perspective. Synthese,1–28.6. Makeig S, Gramann K, Jung T-P, Sejnowski TJ, Poizner H. (2009). Linking brain, mind and behavior. Int J Psychophysiol., 73(2):95–100.7. Gramann K, Gwin JT, Ferris DP, Oie K, Jung T-P, Lin C-T, et al. (2011). Cognition in action: imaging brain/body dynamics in mobile humans. Rev Neurosci., 22(6):593–608.8. Gramann K, Jung T-P, Ferris DP, Lin C-T, Makeig S. (2014). Toward a new cognitive neuroscience: modeling natural brain dynamics. Front Hum Neurosci., 8:444.9. Bozzacchi C, Spinelli D, Pitzalis S, Giusti MA, Di Russo F. (2015). I know what I will see: action-specific motor preparation activity in a passive observation task. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci., 10(6):783–9.

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KW - architectural cognition

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Djebbara AZ, Fich LB, Petrini L, Gramann K. Incentive architecture: Investigating spatial affordances in architecture using MoBI and VR. I Conference Proceedings of the 3rd International Mobile Brain/Body Imaging Conference. 2018. s. 106-107 https://doi.org/10.14279/depositonce-7236