Resumé

Transitions from one space to another are defined by two spaces and a delineating threshold between them. The threshold itself can manifest in different architectural forms and has impact on the perception and affective evaluation of the connected spaces (Moretti, Bucci, Mulazzani, & DeConciliis, 2002). Changing spatial proportions in sequences is an architectural illusion exploited since the Egyptians (ca. 2010 BCE). Prior spaces seem to affect later spaces and the threshold itself might have an affective influence. Here, we investigated transitions in the form of openings, to gain a deeper understanding of the perceived affordance of crossing the openings and how this impacts evaluation of the space. Embedded in a broader investigation of cognitive predictive mechanisms to better understand architectural transitions, the aim of the current study was to investigate whether the physical passing, referring to affordances (Gibson, 1979) and active inference (Bruineberg, Kiverstein, & Rietveld, 2016; Friston, Mattout, & Kilner, 2011), co-vary with the motor-related cortical potentials (MRCPs; Bozzacchi, Giusti, Pitzalis, Spinelli, & Russo, 2012) as measured with the electroencephalogram (EEG). We hypothesized to find more positive MRCP activity in pre-frontal and parietal areas prior to action in spaces that provide better affordances, compared to spaces that hinder the agent (Bozzacchi, Spinelli, Pitzalis, Giusti, & Di Russo, 2015). We further investigate whether the ceiling height of the second space has an emotional influence, and how the MRCPs may influence the introspective decisions.46 Using a Mobile Brain/Body Imaging (MoBI) approach (Gramann et al., 2011; Gramann, Jung, Ferris, Lin, & Makeig, 2014; Makeig, Gramann, Jung, Sejnowski, & Poizner, 2009) we combined head-mounted virtual reality with mobile EEG, to investigate transition through different openings. Participants were asked to transition between two spaces passing openings with low versus high affordance, i.e., openings that were too narrow to pass versus openings that were easily passable. The task entailed an action-dependent transit (50% of trials), with the final goal to reach a red circle (Figure 1). This study investigates the neural dynamics underlying action and cognition as predictive mechanisms revealing first insights into the affective influences of transitions on spatial perception of sequentially experienced spaces.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TitelACADEMY OF NEUROSCIENCE FOR ARCHITECTURE : SHARED BEHAVIORAL OUTCOMES
Antal sider2
ForlagAcademy of Neuroscience for Architecture
Publikationsdato22 sep. 2018
Sider52-53
StatusUdgivet - 22 sep. 2018
BegivenhedAcademy of Neuroscience for Architecture 2018 Conference: Shared behavioral outcomes - SALK Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, USA
Varighed: 20 sep. 201822 sep. 2018

Konference

KonferenceAcademy of Neuroscience for Architecture 2018 Conference
LokationSALK Institute for Biological Studies
LandUSA
ByLa Jolla
Periode20/09/201822/09/2018

Emneord

  • affordances
  • transitions
  • architecture
  • event-related potentials
  • PINV
  • mobile brain/body imaging
  • predictive processing

Citer dette

Djebbara, A. Z., Fich, L. B., Petrini, L., & Gramann, K. (2018). Incentive Architecture: Neural Correlates of Spatial Affordances During Transition in Architectural Settings. I ACADEMY OF NEUROSCIENCE FOR ARCHITECTURE: SHARED BEHAVIORAL OUTCOMES (s. 52-53). Academy of Neuroscience for Architecture.
Djebbara, Ali Zakaria ; Fich, Lars Brorson ; Petrini, Laura ; Gramann, Klaus. / Incentive Architecture: Neural Correlates of Spatial Affordances During Transition in Architectural Settings. ACADEMY OF NEUROSCIENCE FOR ARCHITECTURE: SHARED BEHAVIORAL OUTCOMES. Academy of Neuroscience for Architecture, 2018. s. 52-53
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abstract = "Transitions from one space to another are defined by two spaces and a delineating threshold between them. The threshold itself can manifest in different architectural forms and has impact on the perception and affective evaluation of the connected spaces (Moretti, Bucci, Mulazzani, & DeConciliis, 2002). Changing spatial proportions in sequences is an architectural illusion exploited since the Egyptians (ca. 2010 BCE). Prior spaces seem to affect later spaces and the threshold itself might have an affective influence. Here, we investigated transitions in the form of openings, to gain a deeper understanding of the perceived affordance of crossing the openings and how this impacts evaluation of the space. Embedded in a broader investigation of cognitive predictive mechanisms to better understand architectural transitions, the aim of the current study was to investigate whether the physical passing, referring to affordances (Gibson, 1979) and active inference (Bruineberg, Kiverstein, & Rietveld, 2016; Friston, Mattout, & Kilner, 2011), co-vary with the motor-related cortical potentials (MRCPs; Bozzacchi, Giusti, Pitzalis, Spinelli, & Russo, 2012) as measured with the electroencephalogram (EEG). We hypothesized to find more positive MRCP activity in pre-frontal and parietal areas prior to action in spaces that provide better affordances, compared to spaces that hinder the agent (Bozzacchi, Spinelli, Pitzalis, Giusti, & Di Russo, 2015). We further investigate whether the ceiling height of the second space has an emotional influence, and how the MRCPs may influence the introspective decisions.46 Using a Mobile Brain/Body Imaging (MoBI) approach (Gramann et al., 2011; Gramann, Jung, Ferris, Lin, & Makeig, 2014; Makeig, Gramann, Jung, Sejnowski, & Poizner, 2009) we combined head-mounted virtual reality with mobile EEG, to investigate transition through different openings. Participants were asked to transition between two spaces passing openings with low versus high affordance, i.e., openings that were too narrow to pass versus openings that were easily passable. The task entailed an action-dependent transit (50{\%} of trials), with the final goal to reach a red circle (Figure 1). This study investigates the neural dynamics underlying action and cognition as predictive mechanisms revealing first insights into the affective influences of transitions on spatial perception of sequentially experienced spaces.",
keywords = "affordances, transitions, architecture, event-related potentials, PINV, mobile brain/body imaging, predictive processing",
author = "Djebbara, {Ali Zakaria} and Fich, {Lars Brorson} and Laura Petrini and Klaus Gramann",
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Djebbara, AZ, Fich, LB, Petrini, L & Gramann, K 2018, Incentive Architecture: Neural Correlates of Spatial Affordances During Transition in Architectural Settings. i ACADEMY OF NEUROSCIENCE FOR ARCHITECTURE: SHARED BEHAVIORAL OUTCOMES. Academy of Neuroscience for Architecture, s. 52-53, Academy of Neuroscience for Architecture 2018 Conference, La Jolla, USA, 20/09/2018.

Incentive Architecture: Neural Correlates of Spatial Affordances During Transition in Architectural Settings. / Djebbara, Ali Zakaria; Fich, Lars Brorson; Petrini, Laura; Gramann, Klaus.

ACADEMY OF NEUROSCIENCE FOR ARCHITECTURE: SHARED BEHAVIORAL OUTCOMES. Academy of Neuroscience for Architecture, 2018. s. 52-53.

Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapport/konference proceedingKonferenceabstrakt i proceedingForskningpeer review

TY - ABST

T1 - Incentive Architecture: Neural Correlates of Spatial Affordances During Transition in Architectural Settings

AU - Djebbara, Ali Zakaria

AU - Fich, Lars Brorson

AU - Petrini, Laura

AU - Gramann, Klaus

PY - 2018/9/22

Y1 - 2018/9/22

N2 - Transitions from one space to another are defined by two spaces and a delineating threshold between them. The threshold itself can manifest in different architectural forms and has impact on the perception and affective evaluation of the connected spaces (Moretti, Bucci, Mulazzani, & DeConciliis, 2002). Changing spatial proportions in sequences is an architectural illusion exploited since the Egyptians (ca. 2010 BCE). Prior spaces seem to affect later spaces and the threshold itself might have an affective influence. Here, we investigated transitions in the form of openings, to gain a deeper understanding of the perceived affordance of crossing the openings and how this impacts evaluation of the space. Embedded in a broader investigation of cognitive predictive mechanisms to better understand architectural transitions, the aim of the current study was to investigate whether the physical passing, referring to affordances (Gibson, 1979) and active inference (Bruineberg, Kiverstein, & Rietveld, 2016; Friston, Mattout, & Kilner, 2011), co-vary with the motor-related cortical potentials (MRCPs; Bozzacchi, Giusti, Pitzalis, Spinelli, & Russo, 2012) as measured with the electroencephalogram (EEG). We hypothesized to find more positive MRCP activity in pre-frontal and parietal areas prior to action in spaces that provide better affordances, compared to spaces that hinder the agent (Bozzacchi, Spinelli, Pitzalis, Giusti, & Di Russo, 2015). We further investigate whether the ceiling height of the second space has an emotional influence, and how the MRCPs may influence the introspective decisions.46 Using a Mobile Brain/Body Imaging (MoBI) approach (Gramann et al., 2011; Gramann, Jung, Ferris, Lin, & Makeig, 2014; Makeig, Gramann, Jung, Sejnowski, & Poizner, 2009) we combined head-mounted virtual reality with mobile EEG, to investigate transition through different openings. Participants were asked to transition between two spaces passing openings with low versus high affordance, i.e., openings that were too narrow to pass versus openings that were easily passable. The task entailed an action-dependent transit (50% of trials), with the final goal to reach a red circle (Figure 1). This study investigates the neural dynamics underlying action and cognition as predictive mechanisms revealing first insights into the affective influences of transitions on spatial perception of sequentially experienced spaces.

AB - Transitions from one space to another are defined by two spaces and a delineating threshold between them. The threshold itself can manifest in different architectural forms and has impact on the perception and affective evaluation of the connected spaces (Moretti, Bucci, Mulazzani, & DeConciliis, 2002). Changing spatial proportions in sequences is an architectural illusion exploited since the Egyptians (ca. 2010 BCE). Prior spaces seem to affect later spaces and the threshold itself might have an affective influence. Here, we investigated transitions in the form of openings, to gain a deeper understanding of the perceived affordance of crossing the openings and how this impacts evaluation of the space. Embedded in a broader investigation of cognitive predictive mechanisms to better understand architectural transitions, the aim of the current study was to investigate whether the physical passing, referring to affordances (Gibson, 1979) and active inference (Bruineberg, Kiverstein, & Rietveld, 2016; Friston, Mattout, & Kilner, 2011), co-vary with the motor-related cortical potentials (MRCPs; Bozzacchi, Giusti, Pitzalis, Spinelli, & Russo, 2012) as measured with the electroencephalogram (EEG). We hypothesized to find more positive MRCP activity in pre-frontal and parietal areas prior to action in spaces that provide better affordances, compared to spaces that hinder the agent (Bozzacchi, Spinelli, Pitzalis, Giusti, & Di Russo, 2015). We further investigate whether the ceiling height of the second space has an emotional influence, and how the MRCPs may influence the introspective decisions.46 Using a Mobile Brain/Body Imaging (MoBI) approach (Gramann et al., 2011; Gramann, Jung, Ferris, Lin, & Makeig, 2014; Makeig, Gramann, Jung, Sejnowski, & Poizner, 2009) we combined head-mounted virtual reality with mobile EEG, to investigate transition through different openings. Participants were asked to transition between two spaces passing openings with low versus high affordance, i.e., openings that were too narrow to pass versus openings that were easily passable. The task entailed an action-dependent transit (50% of trials), with the final goal to reach a red circle (Figure 1). This study investigates the neural dynamics underlying action and cognition as predictive mechanisms revealing first insights into the affective influences of transitions on spatial perception of sequentially experienced spaces.

KW - affordances

KW - transitions

KW - architecture

KW - event-related potentials

KW - PINV

KW - mobile brain/body imaging

KW - predictive processing

M3 - Conference abstract in proceeding

SP - 52

EP - 53

BT - ACADEMY OF NEUROSCIENCE FOR ARCHITECTURE

PB - Academy of Neuroscience for Architecture

ER -

Djebbara AZ, Fich LB, Petrini L, Gramann K. Incentive Architecture: Neural Correlates of Spatial Affordances During Transition in Architectural Settings. I ACADEMY OF NEUROSCIENCE FOR ARCHITECTURE: SHARED BEHAVIORAL OUTCOMES. Academy of Neuroscience for Architecture. 2018. s. 52-53