Increased demand of urine cultures from Danish general practice: a five-year register-based study

Michael Adelsen Jakobsen*, Mia Carøe Sørensen, Jette Brommann Kornum, Alina Zalounina Falborg, Malene Plejdrup Hansen


Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

2 Citationer (Scopus)
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Objective: To characterise and explore the development in the number and content of urine samples sent from general practice in the North Denmark Region to the Department of Clinical Microbiology (DCM) at Aalborg University Hospital during a five-year period.

Design: A register-based study.

Setting: General practice.

Subjects: Urine samples received at DCM, Aalborg University Hospital from general practice between 2017 and 2022.

Main outcome measures: Number and content of urine samples.

Results: A total of 255,271 urine samples from general practice were received at DCM, with 76.1% being from female patients. Uropathogens were identified in 43.0% of the samples. During the five-year period, a 23.0% increase in the number of urine samples per person (incidence rate ratio (IRR) 1.23, 95% CI 1.21-1.25) was observed. A slight increase in the proportion of positive cultures (risk ratio (RR) 1.03, 95% CI 1.01-1.05) was seen. No notable change in the patient population (age, gender) was observed. Overall, Escherichia coli was the most identified uropathogen (60.4%) followed by Klebsiella spp. (8.7%) and Enterococcus spp. (7.7%). Distribution of the various uropathogens differed slightly depending on patient gender and age, importantly E. coli was less frequently observed in males aged >65 years.

Conclusion: During the past five years an increasing amount of urine cultures have been requested at DCM from general practice. Importantly, the cause(s) of this increasing demand needs to be explored further in future studies.
TidsskriftScandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)179-185
Antal sider7
StatusUdgivet - jun. 2023


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