Resumé

Background
The concept of social capital has received increasing attention as a determinant of population survival, but its significance is uncertain. We examined the importance of social capital on survival in a population study while focusing on gender differences.

Methods
We used data from a Danish regional health survey with a five-year follow-up period, 2007?2012 (n=9288, 53.5% men, 46.5% women). We investigated the association between social capital and all-cause mortality, performing separate analyses on a composite measure as well as four specific dimensions of social capital while controlling for covariates. Analyses were performed with Cox proportional hazard models by which hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals were calculated.

Results
For women, higher levels of social capital were associated with lower all-cause mortality regardless of age, socioeconomic status, health, and health behaviour (HR=0.586, 95% CI=0.421-0.816) while no such association was found for men (HR=0.949, 95% CI=0.816-1.104). Analysing the specific dimensions of social capital, higher levels of trust and social network were significantly associated with lower all-cause mortality in women (HR=0.827, 95% CI=0.750-0.913 and HR=0.832, 95% CI=0.729-0.949, respectively). For men, strong social networks were associated with a higher risk of all-cause mortality (HR=1.132, 95% CI=1.017-1.260). Civic engagement had a similar effect for both men (HR=0.848, 95% CI=0.722-0.997) and women (HR=0.848, 95% CI=0.630-1.140).

Conclusions
We found differential effects of social capital in men compared to women. The predictive effects on all-cause mortality of four specific dimensions of social capital varied. Gender stratified analysis and the use of multiple indicators to measure social capital are thus warranted in future research.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer1025
TidsskriftB M C Public Health
Vol/bind14
Antal sider9
ISSN1471-2458
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2014

Citer dette

@article{d3a525ec0b9e41258d38220b810f66f6,
title = "Individual social capital and survival: a population study with 5-year follow-up",
abstract = "BackgroundThe concept of social capital has received increasing attention as a determinant of population survival, but its significance is uncertain. We examined the importance of social capital on survival in a population study while focusing on gender differences.MethodsWe used data from a Danish regional health survey with a five-year follow-up period, 2007?2012 (n=9288, 53.5{\%} men, 46.5{\%} women). We investigated the association between social capital and all-cause mortality, performing separate analyses on a composite measure as well as four specific dimensions of social capital while controlling for covariates. Analyses were performed with Cox proportional hazard models by which hazard ratios and 95{\%} confidence intervals were calculated.ResultsFor women, higher levels of social capital were associated with lower all-cause mortality regardless of age, socioeconomic status, health, and health behaviour (HR=0.586, 95{\%} CI=0.421-0.816) while no such association was found for men (HR=0.949, 95{\%} CI=0.816-1.104). Analysing the specific dimensions of social capital, higher levels of trust and social network were significantly associated with lower all-cause mortality in women (HR=0.827, 95{\%} CI=0.750-0.913 and HR=0.832, 95{\%} CI=0.729-0.949, respectively). For men, strong social networks were associated with a higher risk of all-cause mortality (HR=1.132, 95{\%} CI=1.017-1.260). Civic engagement had a similar effect for both men (HR=0.848, 95{\%} CI=0.722-0.997) and women (HR=0.848, 95{\%} CI=0.630-1.140).ConclusionsWe found differential effects of social capital in men compared to women. The predictive effects on all-cause mortality of four specific dimensions of social capital varied. Gender stratified analysis and the use of multiple indicators to measure social capital are thus warranted in future research.",
author = "Linda Ejlskov and Mortensen, {Rikke N{\o}rmark} and Charlotte Overgaard and Christensen, {Line R. B. U.} and Henrik Vardinghus-Nielsen and Kr{\ae}mer, {Stella Rebecca Johnsdatter} and {Wissenberg J{\o}rgensen}, Mads and Hansen, {Steen M{\o}ller} and Christian Torp-Pedersen and Hansen, {Claus D.}",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1186/1471-2458-14-1025",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
journal = "B M C Public Health",
issn = "1471-2458",
publisher = "BioMed Central",

}

Individual social capital and survival : a population study with 5-year follow-up. / Ejlskov, Linda; Mortensen, Rikke Nørmark; Overgaard, Charlotte; Christensen, Line R. B. U.; Vardinghus-Nielsen, Henrik; Kræmer, Stella Rebecca Johnsdatter; Wissenberg Jørgensen, Mads; Hansen, Steen Møller; Torp-Pedersen, Christian; Hansen, Claus D.

I: B M C Public Health, Bind 14, 1025, 2014.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Individual social capital and survival

T2 - a population study with 5-year follow-up

AU - Ejlskov, Linda

AU - Mortensen, Rikke Nørmark

AU - Overgaard, Charlotte

AU - Christensen, Line R. B. U.

AU - Vardinghus-Nielsen, Henrik

AU - Kræmer, Stella Rebecca Johnsdatter

AU - Wissenberg Jørgensen, Mads

AU - Hansen, Steen Møller

AU - Torp-Pedersen, Christian

AU - Hansen, Claus D.

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - BackgroundThe concept of social capital has received increasing attention as a determinant of population survival, but its significance is uncertain. We examined the importance of social capital on survival in a population study while focusing on gender differences.MethodsWe used data from a Danish regional health survey with a five-year follow-up period, 2007?2012 (n=9288, 53.5% men, 46.5% women). We investigated the association between social capital and all-cause mortality, performing separate analyses on a composite measure as well as four specific dimensions of social capital while controlling for covariates. Analyses were performed with Cox proportional hazard models by which hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals were calculated.ResultsFor women, higher levels of social capital were associated with lower all-cause mortality regardless of age, socioeconomic status, health, and health behaviour (HR=0.586, 95% CI=0.421-0.816) while no such association was found for men (HR=0.949, 95% CI=0.816-1.104). Analysing the specific dimensions of social capital, higher levels of trust and social network were significantly associated with lower all-cause mortality in women (HR=0.827, 95% CI=0.750-0.913 and HR=0.832, 95% CI=0.729-0.949, respectively). For men, strong social networks were associated with a higher risk of all-cause mortality (HR=1.132, 95% CI=1.017-1.260). Civic engagement had a similar effect for both men (HR=0.848, 95% CI=0.722-0.997) and women (HR=0.848, 95% CI=0.630-1.140).ConclusionsWe found differential effects of social capital in men compared to women. The predictive effects on all-cause mortality of four specific dimensions of social capital varied. Gender stratified analysis and the use of multiple indicators to measure social capital are thus warranted in future research.

AB - BackgroundThe concept of social capital has received increasing attention as a determinant of population survival, but its significance is uncertain. We examined the importance of social capital on survival in a population study while focusing on gender differences.MethodsWe used data from a Danish regional health survey with a five-year follow-up period, 2007?2012 (n=9288, 53.5% men, 46.5% women). We investigated the association between social capital and all-cause mortality, performing separate analyses on a composite measure as well as four specific dimensions of social capital while controlling for covariates. Analyses were performed with Cox proportional hazard models by which hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals were calculated.ResultsFor women, higher levels of social capital were associated with lower all-cause mortality regardless of age, socioeconomic status, health, and health behaviour (HR=0.586, 95% CI=0.421-0.816) while no such association was found for men (HR=0.949, 95% CI=0.816-1.104). Analysing the specific dimensions of social capital, higher levels of trust and social network were significantly associated with lower all-cause mortality in women (HR=0.827, 95% CI=0.750-0.913 and HR=0.832, 95% CI=0.729-0.949, respectively). For men, strong social networks were associated with a higher risk of all-cause mortality (HR=1.132, 95% CI=1.017-1.260). Civic engagement had a similar effect for both men (HR=0.848, 95% CI=0.722-0.997) and women (HR=0.848, 95% CI=0.630-1.140).ConclusionsWe found differential effects of social capital in men compared to women. The predictive effects on all-cause mortality of four specific dimensions of social capital varied. Gender stratified analysis and the use of multiple indicators to measure social capital are thus warranted in future research.

U2 - 10.1186/1471-2458-14-1025

DO - 10.1186/1471-2458-14-1025

M3 - Journal article

VL - 14

JO - B M C Public Health

JF - B M C Public Health

SN - 1471-2458

M1 - 1025

ER -