Influence of Closing Storm Surge Barrier on Extreme Water Levels and Water Exchange; The Limfjord, Denmark

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

4 Citationer (Scopus)


The Limfjord is the largest Danish estuary and is connected to both the North Sea in the west and the Kattegat in the east. The connection to the North Sea was formed in 1825 by a storm surge, and has since been kept open partly artificially. The debate about the climate changes and thereby the increased risk of flooding in the estuary has revitalized the discussion whether this connection should be closed. In this paper, it is shown by numerical simulation that the establishment of a storm surge barrier across Thyborøn Channel can significantly reduce the peak water levels in the central of the fjord. The reduction is obtained by blocking the ingoing flow with a sluice in due time before the storm surge peaks in the North Sea. In order to avoid problems with reduced water quality and salinity, the water exchange should be controlled by only keeping the sluice open for ingoing currents for the rest of days during the year. Depending on the effective cross-sectional area of the sluice, the depth-averaged salinity in the Limfjord remains status quo for cross-sectional areas of 500m2, whereas the salinity increases with up to 1.5 PSU for larger openings.
TidsskriftCoastal Engineering Journal
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)1-16
Antal sider16
StatusUdgivet - 2014


  • Hydrodynamic modeling
  • Water quality
  • Storm surge barrier
  • Thyborøn Channel
  • Climate changes


Dyk ned i forskningsemnerne om 'Influence of Closing Storm Surge Barrier on Extreme Water Levels and Water Exchange; The Limfjord, Denmark'. Sammen danner de et unikt fingeraftryk.