Functional amyloids (FA) are proteins which are evolutionarily optimized to form highly stable fibrillar structures that strengthen the bacterial biofilm matrix. FA such as CsgA (E. coli) and FapC (Pseudomonas) are secreted to the bacterial surface where they integrate into growing fibril structures projecting from the outer membrane. FA are exposed to membrane surfaces in this process, but it remains unclear how membranes can interact with FA and potentially affect the self-assembly. Here we report the effect of different vesicles (DOPG, DMPG, DOPS, DOPC and DMPC) on the kinetics and structural endpoints of FapC fibrillation using various biophysical techniques. Particularly anionic lipids such as DMPG trigger FapC fibrillation, and the protein's second repeat sequence (R2) appears to be important for this interaction. Vesicles formed from phospholipids extracted from three different Pseudomonas strains (Δfap, ΔFapC and pfap) induce FapC fibrillation by accelerating nucleation. The general aggregation inhibitor epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) inhibits FapC fibrillation by blocking interactions between FapC and vesicles and redirecting FapC monomers to oligomer structures. Our work indicates that biological membranes can contribute significantly to the fibrillation of functional amyloid.