International Family Migration and the Dual-Earner Model

Martin D. Munk, Till Nikolka, Panu Poutvaara

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Resumé

We study the impact of international migration on labor force participation and
household economies of couples, based on a survey of Danish emigrants. We find that migration is associated with reduced female labor force participation, especially among couples migrating to the United States. Most couples that had separate economies in Denmark have joint economies abroad. Usually, the male partner contributes more. Switching towards traditional male breadwinner model is particularly strong among couples with children and with the male being highly educated.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Tidsskriftxxxx
StatusAfsendt - 2019

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Dual-earner
Destination
Nordic countries
Labor force participation
International migration
Denmark
Gender differences
Female labor force participation

Emneord

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    Munk, M. D., Nikolka, T., & Poutvaara, P. (2019). International Family Migration and the Dual-Earner Model. Manuskript afsendt til publicering.
    Munk, Martin D. ; Nikolka, Till ; Poutvaara, Panu. / International Family Migration and the Dual-Earner Model. I: xxxx. 2019.
    @article{50c684ef5d9f42ceb3a16ca31a1f52da,
    title = "International Family Migration and the Dual-Earner Model",
    abstract = "Gender differences in labor force participation are exceptionally small in Nordic countries. We investigate how couples emigrating from Denmark self-select and sort into different destinations and whether couples pursue the dual-earner model, in which both partners work, when abroad. Female labor force participation is slightly lower among couples that later emigrate, and drops considerably after migration outside the Nordic countries. Pre-migration differences between couples subsequently migrating to different destinations are small. Our survey reveals that couple migration is usually driven by the male’s job opportunities. The results suggest that increasing international migration may reduce women’s career investments.",
    keywords = "Household production, Female labor force participation, Child care, International migration, Family migration",
    author = "Munk, {Martin D.} and Till Nikolka and Panu Poutvaara",
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    International Family Migration and the Dual-Earner Model. / Munk, Martin D.; Nikolka, Till ; Poutvaara, Panu.

    I: xxxx, 2019.

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - International Family Migration and the Dual-Earner Model

    AU - Munk, Martin D.

    AU - Nikolka, Till

    AU - Poutvaara, Panu

    PY - 2019

    Y1 - 2019

    N2 - Gender differences in labor force participation are exceptionally small in Nordic countries. We investigate how couples emigrating from Denmark self-select and sort into different destinations and whether couples pursue the dual-earner model, in which both partners work, when abroad. Female labor force participation is slightly lower among couples that later emigrate, and drops considerably after migration outside the Nordic countries. Pre-migration differences between couples subsequently migrating to different destinations are small. Our survey reveals that couple migration is usually driven by the male’s job opportunities. The results suggest that increasing international migration may reduce women’s career investments.

    AB - Gender differences in labor force participation are exceptionally small in Nordic countries. We investigate how couples emigrating from Denmark self-select and sort into different destinations and whether couples pursue the dual-earner model, in which both partners work, when abroad. Female labor force participation is slightly lower among couples that later emigrate, and drops considerably after migration outside the Nordic countries. Pre-migration differences between couples subsequently migrating to different destinations are small. Our survey reveals that couple migration is usually driven by the male’s job opportunities. The results suggest that increasing international migration may reduce women’s career investments.

    KW - Household production

    KW - Female labor force participation

    KW - Child care

    KW - International migration

    KW - Family migration

    M3 - Journal article

    JO - xxxx

    JF - xxxx

    ER -