International Migration of Couples

Martin Junge, Martin D. Munk, Till Nikolka, Panu Poutvaara

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Resumé

We analyze emigration and return decisions of Danish couples. Our main questions are how emigration and return migration decisions depend on education, earnings, and the number and age of children. We use register data on full population from 1982 to 2006, focusing on opposite-gender couples in which the female is aged 23 to 37, and the male 25 to 39. We find that power couples in which both are highly educated are most likely to emigrate, but also most likely to return. Couples in which only the male is highly educated are more than twice as likely to emigrate as if only the female is highly edu-cated. Couples in which neither partner is highly educated are least likely to emigrate, but also have lowest return migration rates. This suggests that migration as brain circu-lation is most pronounced among the highly-educated. The probability of emigration is increasing in male earnings, but does not depend much on female earnings. Having children reduces the likelihood of emigration and the more so the older children are. Surprisingly, the return rates do not depend much on the number of children. Overall, our findings suggest that family migration patterns are still surprisingly traditional, re-sponding more to the male's job opportunities and education.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Tidsskriftxxxx
Antal sider37
StatusUnder udarbejdelse - 2019

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International migration
Income
Self-selection
Labour market
Family ties
Destination
Dual-earner couples
Administrative data
Denmark
Intuition
Migrants
Public finance

Citer dette

Junge, M., Munk, M. D., Nikolka, T., & Poutvaara, P. (2019). International Migration of Couples. Manuskript under forberedelse.
Junge, Martin ; Munk, Martin D. ; Nikolka, Till ; Poutvaara, Panu. / International Migration of Couples. I: xxxx. 2019.
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title = "International Migration of Couples",
abstract = "Migrant self-selection is important to labor markets and public finances in both origin and destination countries. We develop a theoretical model regarding the migration of dual-earner couples and test it using population-wide administrative data from Denmark. Our model predicts that the probability that a couple emigrates increases with the primary earner’s income, whereas the secondary earner’s income may drive the decision in either direction. The results are consistent with our model. We find that primary earners in couples are more strongly self-selected with respect to income than singles. This novel result counters the intuition that family ties weaken self-selection.",
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Junge, M, Munk, MD, Nikolka, T & Poutvaara, P 2019, 'International Migration of Couples' xxxx.

International Migration of Couples. / Junge, Martin; Munk, Martin D.; Nikolka, Till; Poutvaara, Panu.

I: xxxx, 2019.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - International Migration of Couples

AU - Junge, Martin

AU - Munk, Martin D.

AU - Nikolka, Till

AU - Poutvaara, Panu

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Migrant self-selection is important to labor markets and public finances in both origin and destination countries. We develop a theoretical model regarding the migration of dual-earner couples and test it using population-wide administrative data from Denmark. Our model predicts that the probability that a couple emigrates increases with the primary earner’s income, whereas the secondary earner’s income may drive the decision in either direction. The results are consistent with our model. We find that primary earners in couples are more strongly self-selected with respect to income than singles. This novel result counters the intuition that family ties weaken self-selection.

AB - Migrant self-selection is important to labor markets and public finances in both origin and destination countries. We develop a theoretical model regarding the migration of dual-earner couples and test it using population-wide administrative data from Denmark. Our model predicts that the probability that a couple emigrates increases with the primary earner’s income, whereas the secondary earner’s income may drive the decision in either direction. The results are consistent with our model. We find that primary earners in couples are more strongly self-selected with respect to income than singles. This novel result counters the intuition that family ties weaken self-selection.

M3 - Journal article

JO - xxxx

JF - xxxx

ER -

Junge M, Munk MD, Nikolka T, Poutvaara P. International Migration of Couples. xxxx. 2019.