Long-term association between neighbourhood socioeconomic deprivation in early childhood and perceived stress in early adulthood: a multilevel cohort study

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Abstract

Background: Previous studies have shown that neighbourhood socioeconomic deprivation is related to mental health problems, with chronic stress responses as one possible biopsychological pathway; however, less is known about the possible long-term effects of neighbourhood deprivation throughout the life course. The aim of this study was to examine the association between neighbourhood socioeconomic deprivation in early childhood and perceived stress in early adulthood.
Methods: Data from the, Danish National Health Survey 2017 in which Cohen’s 10-item Perceived Stress Scale was measured (range 0–40) were used to follow a cohort consisting of all survey respondents aged 20–24 years born between 1992 and 1996. The respondents were linked to Danish register data, including data on the parent(s) with whom the respondents lived, to measure family-level socioeconomic characteristics, parental mental health problems and neighbourhood socioeconomic deprivation at age 3 for each respondent. Furthermore, the respondents were linked to georeferenced neighbourhoods. Linear mixed models were used to estimate the association between neighbourhood socioeconomic deprivation at age 3 and perceived stress at age 20–24.
Results: A 1 SD increase in neighbourhood socioeconomic deprivation in early childhood was associated with a 0.59-point increase in perceived stress in early adulthood (95% CI 0.41 to 0.77). The association was attenuated but remained statistically significant after controlling for individual and family characteristics and neighbourhood socioeconomic deprivation in early adulthood (coef 0.26, 95% CI 0.06 to 0.46).
Conclusion: The findings suggest that children growing up in more socioeconomically deprived neighbourhoods may be prone to higher levels of perceived stress later in life.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Vol/bind77
Udgave nummer7
Sider (fra-til)447-453
Antal sider7
ISSN0143-005X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1 jul. 2023

Emneord

  • Mental sundhed
  • Nabolag
  • Stress

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