Lymph Nodes Draining Infections Investigated by PET and Immunohistochemistry in a Juvenile Porcine Model

Pia Afzelius, Malene Kjelin Morsing, Ole Lerberg Nielsen, Aage Kristian Olsen Alstrup, Svend Borup Jensen, Lars Jødal

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

1 Citationer (Scopus)
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Abstract

BACKGROUND: [18F]FDG and [11C]methionine accumulate in lymph nodes draining S. aureus -infected foci. The lymph nodes were characterized by weight, [11C]methionine- and [18F]FDG-positron emissions tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT), and immunohistochemical (IHC)-staining.

METHODS: 20 pigs inoculated with S. aureus into the right femoral artery were PET/CT-scanned with [18F]FDG, and nine of the pigs were additionally scanned with [11C]methionine. Mammary, medial iliac, and popliteal lymph nodes from the left and right hind limbs were weighed. IHC-staining for calculations of area fractions of Ki-67, L1, and IL-8 positive cells was done in mammary and popliteal lymph nodes from the nine pigs.

RESULTS: The pigs developed one to six osteomyelitis foci. Some pigs developed contiguous infections of peri-osseous tissue and inoculation-site abscesses. Weights of mammary and medial iliac lymph nodes and their [18F]FDG maximum Standardized Uptake Values (SUVFDGmax) showed a significant increase in the inoculated limb compared to the left limb. Popliteal lymph node weight and their FDG uptake did not differ significantly between hind limbs. Area fractions of Ki-67 and IL-8 in the right mammary lymph nodes and SUVMetmax in the right popliteal lymph nodes were significantly increased compared with the left side.

CONCLUSION: The PET-tracers [18F]FDG and [11C]methionine, and the IHC- markers Ki-67 and IL-8, but not L1, showed increased values in lymph nodes draining soft tissues infected with S. aureus. The increase in [11C]methionine may indicate a more acute lymph node response, whereas an increase in [18F]FDG may indicate a more chronic response.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer2792
TidsskriftMolecules
Vol/bind27
Udgave nummer9
ISSN1420-3049
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 27 apr. 2022

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