Managing the social impacts of the rapidly expanding extractive industries in Greenland

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18 Citationer (Scopus)

Resumé

The implementation of extractive industries in Greenland is causing both high hopes for the future and anxieties among the population. Even small projects potentially carry risks of major impacts on people’s way of life at local and national scales. The number of current exploration licenses has increased dramatically and Greenland may experience a large number of projects in coming years. Effective management of the social impacts is therefore essential. We explore the challenges perceived by the public in Greenland and review the available tools used to ensure that social issues are managed and taken into considerations when decisions are made regarding the implementation of extractive industries. We found that there are many issues the public are concerned about. There is a lack of trust by the public in the capacity of the Government of Greenland to protect local interests and values. We suggest that social impact assessment should be implemented at a higher level of decision-making, carried out by or on the behalf of the authorities and prior to project planning.
Bidragets oversatte titelManaging the social impacts of the rapidly expanding extractive industries in Greenland
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftThe Extractive Industries and Society
Vol/bind3
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)25–33
ISSN2214-790X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2016

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social effects
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project planning
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social impact assessment
way of life
social issue
Arctic
anxiety
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management
extractive industry
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    title = "Managing the social impacts of the rapidly expanding extractive industries in Greenland",
    abstract = "The recent rapid expansion of extractive industries in Greenland is both causing high hopes for the future and anxieties among the local population. In the Arctic context, even small projects carry risks of major social impacts at local and national scales, and have the potential to severely affect the way of life of local Indigenous peoples. The effective identification and management of social impacts is therefore essential. We explore the challenges associated with on-going development as perceived by people in Greenland. We also review and synthesize the regulatory tools used to ensure social issues are adequately managed and taken into consideration when regulatory approval of new projects is considered. We found that there are many issues of concern. Of particular interest is the lack of trust by the public in the capacity of the Government of Greenland to protect local values. We suggest that, in the context of Greenland, social impact assessment is needed, not only at the project level, but also at the policy level carried out by or on behalf of the government and prior to project planning. We also advocate for the use of free, prior and informed consent.",
    keywords = "Social impact assessment, Indigenous People, Arctic development, Extractive industries, mining, oil and gas",
    author = "Hansen, {Anne Merrild} and Frank Vanclay and Peter Croal and Skjervedal, {Anna-Sofie Hurup}",
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    }

    Managing the social impacts of the rapidly expanding extractive industries in Greenland. / Hansen, Anne Merrild; Vanclay, Frank; Croal, Peter; Skjervedal, Anna-Sofie Hurup.

    I: The Extractive Industries and Society, Bind 3, Nr. 1, 2016, s. 25–33.

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Managing the social impacts of the rapidly expanding extractive industries in Greenland

    AU - Hansen, Anne Merrild

    AU - Vanclay, Frank

    AU - Croal, Peter

    AU - Skjervedal, Anna-Sofie Hurup

    PY - 2016

    Y1 - 2016

    N2 - The recent rapid expansion of extractive industries in Greenland is both causing high hopes for the future and anxieties among the local population. In the Arctic context, even small projects carry risks of major social impacts at local and national scales, and have the potential to severely affect the way of life of local Indigenous peoples. The effective identification and management of social impacts is therefore essential. We explore the challenges associated with on-going development as perceived by people in Greenland. We also review and synthesize the regulatory tools used to ensure social issues are adequately managed and taken into consideration when regulatory approval of new projects is considered. We found that there are many issues of concern. Of particular interest is the lack of trust by the public in the capacity of the Government of Greenland to protect local values. We suggest that, in the context of Greenland, social impact assessment is needed, not only at the project level, but also at the policy level carried out by or on behalf of the government and prior to project planning. We also advocate for the use of free, prior and informed consent.

    AB - The recent rapid expansion of extractive industries in Greenland is both causing high hopes for the future and anxieties among the local population. In the Arctic context, even small projects carry risks of major social impacts at local and national scales, and have the potential to severely affect the way of life of local Indigenous peoples. The effective identification and management of social impacts is therefore essential. We explore the challenges associated with on-going development as perceived by people in Greenland. We also review and synthesize the regulatory tools used to ensure social issues are adequately managed and taken into consideration when regulatory approval of new projects is considered. We found that there are many issues of concern. Of particular interest is the lack of trust by the public in the capacity of the Government of Greenland to protect local values. We suggest that, in the context of Greenland, social impact assessment is needed, not only at the project level, but also at the policy level carried out by or on behalf of the government and prior to project planning. We also advocate for the use of free, prior and informed consent.

    KW - Social impact assessment

    KW - Indigenous People

    KW - Arctic development

    KW - Extractive industries

    KW - mining, oil and gas

    U2 - 10.1016/j.exis.2015.11.013

    DO - 10.1016/j.exis.2015.11.013

    M3 - Journal article

    VL - 3

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    JO - The Extractive Industries and Society

    JF - The Extractive Industries and Society

    SN - 2214-790X

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