Manganese removal processes during start-up of inoculated and non-inoculated drinking water biofilters

Inês Lousinha Ribeiro Breda, Ditte Søborg, Loren Ramsay, Peter Roslev

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

Manganese removal in drinking water biofilters is facilitated by biological and physico-chemical processes, but knowledge regarding the relative role of these mechanisms during start-up is very limited. The aim of this study was to identify the dominant process for manganese removal occurring during the start-up period of sand filters with and without inoculation by addition of matured sand collected from an operating groundwater-based waterworks. Inoculation with matured filter sand is frequently used to accelerate the start-up in virgin biofilters and to rapidly obtain compliant water quality. The non-inoculated filter took 41 days to comply with manganese quality criteria, whereas the inoculated filter with 20% matured sand showed removal from Day 1 and compliance from Day 25. By Day 48, the inoculated filter showed two times higher manganese removal rates and manganese oxides deposits. Using sodium azide as an inhibitor of microbial activity, it was found that manganese removal in the non-inoculated filter was dominated by biological processes, whereas physico-chemical processes were of more importance in the inoculated filter (Day 35, 39 and 48). 16S rDNA sequencing of the microbiota collected during filter maturation indicated a limited immediate effect of inoculation on the microbial community developed on the remaining filter material.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftWater Quality Research Journal of Canada
Vol/bind54
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)47-56
Antal sider10
ISSN1201-3080
DOI
StatusUdgivet - feb. 2019

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manganese
drinking water
filter
inoculation
sand
chemical process
removal
manganese oxide
biological processes
microbial activity
compliance
maturation
microbial community
inhibitor
sodium
water quality
groundwater

Citer dette

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title = "Manganese removal processes during start-up of inoculated and non-inoculated drinking water biofilters",
abstract = "Manganese removal in drinking water biofilters is facilitated by biological and physico-chemical processes, but knowledge regarding the relative role of these mechanisms during start-up is very limited. The aim of this study was to identify the dominant process for manganese removal occurring during the start-up period of sand filters with and without inoculation by addition of matured sand collected from an operating groundwater-based waterworks. Inoculation with matured filter sand is frequently used to accelerate the start-up in virgin biofilters and to rapidly obtain compliant water quality. The non-inoculated filter took 41 days to comply with manganese quality criteria, whereas the inoculated filter with 20{\%} matured sand showed removal from Day 1 and compliance from Day 25. By Day 48, the inoculated filter showed two times higher manganese removal rates and manganese oxides deposits. Using sodium azide as an inhibitor of microbial activity, it was found that manganese removal in the non-inoculated filter was dominated by biological processes, whereas physico-chemical processes were of more importance in the inoculated filter (Day 35, 39 and 48). 16S rDNA sequencing of the microbiota collected during filter maturation indicated a limited immediate effect of inoculation on the microbial community developed on the remaining filter material.",
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Manganese removal processes during start-up of inoculated and non-inoculated drinking water biofilters. / Breda, Inês Lousinha Ribeiro; Søborg, Ditte; Ramsay, Loren; Roslev, Peter.

I: Water Quality Research Journal of Canada, Bind 54, Nr. 1, 02.2019, s. 47-56.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

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AU - Breda, Inês Lousinha Ribeiro

AU - Søborg, Ditte

AU - Ramsay, Loren

AU - Roslev, Peter

PY - 2019/2

Y1 - 2019/2

N2 - Manganese removal in drinking water biofilters is facilitated by biological and physico-chemical processes, but knowledge regarding the relative role of these mechanisms during start-up is very limited. The aim of this study was to identify the dominant process for manganese removal occurring during the start-up period of sand filters with and without inoculation by addition of matured sand collected from an operating groundwater-based waterworks. Inoculation with matured filter sand is frequently used to accelerate the start-up in virgin biofilters and to rapidly obtain compliant water quality. The non-inoculated filter took 41 days to comply with manganese quality criteria, whereas the inoculated filter with 20% matured sand showed removal from Day 1 and compliance from Day 25. By Day 48, the inoculated filter showed two times higher manganese removal rates and manganese oxides deposits. Using sodium azide as an inhibitor of microbial activity, it was found that manganese removal in the non-inoculated filter was dominated by biological processes, whereas physico-chemical processes were of more importance in the inoculated filter (Day 35, 39 and 48). 16S rDNA sequencing of the microbiota collected during filter maturation indicated a limited immediate effect of inoculation on the microbial community developed on the remaining filter material.

AB - Manganese removal in drinking water biofilters is facilitated by biological and physico-chemical processes, but knowledge regarding the relative role of these mechanisms during start-up is very limited. The aim of this study was to identify the dominant process for manganese removal occurring during the start-up period of sand filters with and without inoculation by addition of matured sand collected from an operating groundwater-based waterworks. Inoculation with matured filter sand is frequently used to accelerate the start-up in virgin biofilters and to rapidly obtain compliant water quality. The non-inoculated filter took 41 days to comply with manganese quality criteria, whereas the inoculated filter with 20% matured sand showed removal from Day 1 and compliance from Day 25. By Day 48, the inoculated filter showed two times higher manganese removal rates and manganese oxides deposits. Using sodium azide as an inhibitor of microbial activity, it was found that manganese removal in the non-inoculated filter was dominated by biological processes, whereas physico-chemical processes were of more importance in the inoculated filter (Day 35, 39 and 48). 16S rDNA sequencing of the microbiota collected during filter maturation indicated a limited immediate effect of inoculation on the microbial community developed on the remaining filter material.

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