Manufacturing Displacement: Externalization and Postcoloniality in European Migration Control

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

3 Downloads (Pure)

Resumé

In 2018, the European Council launched “regional disembarkation
platforms” as an innovative externalization of humanitarian care for
displacement in the Mediterranean. Yet, the ideas of naval interception,
deportation and safe zones repeats Western proposals and practices
from the 1980s and 1990s. Discussions in border and forced migration
studies reveals how the ahistoricity and intimate links with power
systems reproduce colonial matrices of power in displacement politics.
And an overview of European externalization politics between 2006-2018
reveals the ambiguity characterizing humanitarianized border control.
Like asylum politics is today, the issue of slavery was a crucial
structuring issue in 19th century international politics. In order to
unearth a deep history of stretched European displacement politics a
postcolonial analysis is charted as a potential remedy. It suggests the
reoccurrence of manufactured displacements through past and present
markets of capture, rescue and re-displacement. Three colonial cases are
offered to substantiate this claim, namely racialized, suppressionist and
externalized border controls in the 19th century Atlantic Basin. It is
argued that current European externalization exhibit contingent parallels
with these cases both in terms of practices, spatial imagination and
transfers of humanitarian blame and responsibility.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftGlobal Affairs
ISSN2334-0460
StatusUdgivet - 5 nov. 2019

Fingerprint

Manufacturing
Colonies
Postcoloniality
Slavery
International Politics
Epistemology
Responsibility
1980s
Naval
Logic
History
Contingent
Deportation
Transatlantic Slave Trade

Emneord

  • EU externalization
  • postcoloniality
  • Captive markets
  • transatlantic slave trade
  • abolitionism
  • suppression

Citer dette

@article{813fd39db57940f99ca8ebb046c4e994,
title = "Manufacturing Displacement: Externalization and Postcoloniality in European Migration Control",
abstract = "In 2018, the European Council suggested “regional disembarkation platforms” as an innovative externalization of displacement management in the Mediterranean. Yet, the logic of naval interception, deportation and disembarkation zones parallel not only Western proposals since the 1980s, but also colonial practices during the transatlantic slave trade. An overview of European externalization politics between 2006 and 2018 examines the dynamics, ambiguity and dehistoricization of humanitarianized border control. The article then argues that such ahistoricity is linked to epistemologies which reproduce colonial matrices of power. Like asylum politics today, slavery was a crucial structuring issue in nineteenth century international politics and by unearthing a deep history of European manufactured displacements, the article examines cases of racialized, suppressionist and externalized border controls from the nineteenth century Atlantic-Caribbean Basins. It concludes that contingent parallels exist between past and present regimes of captured, rescued and re-displaced people, and the associated transfers of humanitarian blame and responsibility.",
keywords = "EU externalization, postcoloniality, Captive markets, transatlantic slave trade, abolitionism, suppression, EU externalization, postcoloniality, captive markets, transatlantic slavery, abolitionism, suppression",
author = "Martin Lemberg-Pedersen",
year = "2019",
month = "11",
day = "5",
language = "English",
journal = "Global Affairs",
issn = "2334-0460",
publisher = "the European International Studies Association",

}

Manufacturing Displacement : Externalization and Postcoloniality in European Migration Control. / Lemberg-Pedersen, Martin.

I: Global Affairs, 05.11.2019.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Manufacturing Displacement

T2 - Externalization and Postcoloniality in European Migration Control

AU - Lemberg-Pedersen, Martin

PY - 2019/11/5

Y1 - 2019/11/5

N2 - In 2018, the European Council suggested “regional disembarkation platforms” as an innovative externalization of displacement management in the Mediterranean. Yet, the logic of naval interception, deportation and disembarkation zones parallel not only Western proposals since the 1980s, but also colonial practices during the transatlantic slave trade. An overview of European externalization politics between 2006 and 2018 examines the dynamics, ambiguity and dehistoricization of humanitarianized border control. The article then argues that such ahistoricity is linked to epistemologies which reproduce colonial matrices of power. Like asylum politics today, slavery was a crucial structuring issue in nineteenth century international politics and by unearthing a deep history of European manufactured displacements, the article examines cases of racialized, suppressionist and externalized border controls from the nineteenth century Atlantic-Caribbean Basins. It concludes that contingent parallels exist between past and present regimes of captured, rescued and re-displaced people, and the associated transfers of humanitarian blame and responsibility.

AB - In 2018, the European Council suggested “regional disembarkation platforms” as an innovative externalization of displacement management in the Mediterranean. Yet, the logic of naval interception, deportation and disembarkation zones parallel not only Western proposals since the 1980s, but also colonial practices during the transatlantic slave trade. An overview of European externalization politics between 2006 and 2018 examines the dynamics, ambiguity and dehistoricization of humanitarianized border control. The article then argues that such ahistoricity is linked to epistemologies which reproduce colonial matrices of power. Like asylum politics today, slavery was a crucial structuring issue in nineteenth century international politics and by unearthing a deep history of European manufactured displacements, the article examines cases of racialized, suppressionist and externalized border controls from the nineteenth century Atlantic-Caribbean Basins. It concludes that contingent parallels exist between past and present regimes of captured, rescued and re-displaced people, and the associated transfers of humanitarian blame and responsibility.

KW - EU externalization

KW - postcoloniality

KW - Captive markets

KW - transatlantic slave trade

KW - abolitionism

KW - suppression

KW - EU externalization

KW - postcoloniality

KW - captive markets

KW - transatlantic slavery

KW - abolitionism

KW - suppression

M3 - Journal article

JO - Global Affairs

JF - Global Affairs

SN - 2334-0460

ER -