Microplastic abundance in sludge-treated fields: Variance and estimated half-life

Nanna D.R. Klemmensen*, Rupa Chand, María S. Blanco, Jes Vollertsen

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Abstract

This study investigated the abundance of microplastic (MP) in agricultural soil fertilised with sludge, assessing the variation in MP count and estimated mass in three long-term field trials treated excessively with sludge in 2003–2012. Ten samples were taken from each of the three fields with concentrations ranging from 2392 to 48,791 counts kg−1, where over 50 % of the MPs were polyester and acrylic. Due to the considerable variation in concentration, the impact of the number of sub-samples on the predicted measured concentration was estimated applying a Monto Carlo simulation approach. Choosing the number of sampling points is a compromise between acceptable sampling error and available resources. The simulations showed an increasingly high risk of obtaining an outlier when taking less than approx. ten subsamples. When ending fertilisation with sludge, the estimated half-life for the MPs measured by counts was approx. 2.5 years, whereas the half-life for the MP estimated mass was approx. 4 years. Hence, smaller particles seemed to degrade and/or migrate elsewhere the fastest.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer171394
TidsskriftScience of the Total Environment
Vol/bind922
Antal sider8
ISSN0048-9697
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 20 apr. 2024

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Copyright © 2024 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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