Metal-organic framework (MOFs) are emerging as promising materials for water purification membranes, owing to their uniform microporous structures and chemical functionalities. Here, we report a simple procedure for depositing MOF-based nanofiltration membranes on commercial ceramic tubular supports, completely avoiding the use of dispersants or binders. Zeolite imidazolate frameworks-8 (ZIF-8) nanocrystals were synthesized using a hydrothermal method and subsequently coated with an amorphous SiO2-ZrO2 gel to generate a dispersion of ZIF-8@SiO2-ZrO2 core-shell nanoparticles. The amorphous SiO2-ZrO2 gel served as a binding agent for the ZIF-8 nanocrystals, thus forming a defect-free continuous membrane layer. After repeating the coating twice, the active layer had a thickness of 0.96 µm, present a rejection rate > 90 % for the total organic carbon in an aquaculture effluent and in a wastewater treatment plant, while reducing the concentration of trimethoprim, here used as a target pollutant. Moreover, the oxide gel provided the MOF-based active layer with good adhesion to the support and enhanced its hydrophilicity, resulting in a membrane with excellent mechanical stability and resistance to fouling during the crossflow filtration of the real wastewater samples. These results implied the high potential of the MOF-based nanocomposite membrane for effective treatment of actual wastewater streams.
|XVIIIth Conference of the European Ceramic Society
|02/07/2023 → 06/07/2023