In this paper we propose a Deep Neural Network (D NN) based Speech Enhancement (SE) system that is designed to maximize an approximation of the Short-Time Objective Intelligibility (STOI) measure. We formalize an approximate-STOI cost function and derive analytical expressions for the gradients required for DNN training and show that these gradients have desirable properties when used together with gradient based optimization techniques. We show through simulation experiments that the proposed SE system achieves large improvements in estimated speech intelligibility, when tested on matched and unmatched natural noise types, at multiple signal-to-noise ratios. Furthermore, we show that the SE system, when trained using an approximate-STOI cost function performs on par with a system trained with a mean square error cost applied to short-time temporal envelopes. Finally, we show that the proposed SE system performs on par with a traditional DNN based Short- Time Spectral Amplitude (STSA) SE system in terms of estimated speech intelligibility. These results are important because they suggest that traditional DNN based STSA SE systems might be optimal in terms of estimated speech intelligibility.
|Titel||2018 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2018 - Proceedings|
|Status||Udgivet - 2018|
|Begivenhed||2018 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP) - Calgary, Canada|
Varighed: 15 apr. 2018 → 20 apr. 2018
|Konference||2018 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP)|
|Periode||15/04/2018 → 20/04/2018|
|Navn||I E E E International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing. Proceedings|