Motivational factors influencing small construction and auto repair enterprises to participate in occupational health and safety programmes

Laura Veng Kvorning, Peter Hasle, Ulla Christensen

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    Resumé

    Small enterprises have limited resources to prioritise occupational health and safety (OHS). Regu-lators and other stakeholders have developed programmes to support these enterprises. The study analyses the factors influencing active participation of small enterprises to engage in a Danish OHS programme which focuses on the prevention of wear and tear of the musculoskeletal system. The programme studied is targeted to the needs of small enterprises in construction and auto repair, and the enterprises are provided financial support and support from a facilitator.
    The study is a qualitative case study supplemented with selected survey data from the enterprises participating in the programme. Additionally qualitative data from stakeholders involved in the implementation of the programme is included.
    The results show that the way the programme was introduced through either labour inspectors, employer associations, or networks influenced the motivation of the case enterprises to engage in the programme. The motivation to active participation also depended on the content of the preven-tion package, the economic support, and the possibility for facilitation. The decision to start the implementation process depended on whether the owner-managers acknowledged the need for the new OHS approach and whether they found the process meaningful. Finally, contextual factors as experienced by the owner-managers influenced the motivation for active participation. Among others these factors included general attitude towards authorities and procedures, access to relevant projects and technical equipment, the characteristics of the manager, and the workplace culture. The contextual factors can limit the efficacy of programme mechanisms and should be taken into account when designing programmes.
    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    TidsskriftSafety Science
    Vol/bind71
    Udgave nummerPart C
    Sider (fra-til)253-263
    Antal sider10
    ISSN0925-7535
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - 2015

    Fingerprint

    Occupational Health
    Repair
    Health
    health
    Managers
    Motivation
    Industry
    Musculoskeletal system
    manager
    participation
    Financial Support
    Musculoskeletal System
    employers' association
    wear and tear
    technical equipment
    stakeholder
    Tears
    Workplace
    Wear of materials
    Personnel

    Emneord

    • Workplace intervention, small enterprises, musculoskeletal disorders, regulation, realist evaluation

    Citer dette

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    Motivational factors influencing small construction and auto repair enterprises to participate in occupational health and safety programmes. / Kvorning, Laura Veng; Hasle, Peter; Christensen, Ulla.

    I: Safety Science, Bind 71, Nr. Part C, 2015, s. 253-263.

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

    TY - JOUR

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    N2 - Small enterprises have limited resources to prioritise occupational health and safety (OHS) so regulators and other stakeholders have developed programmes to support them. The present study analysed the factors influencing active participation of small construction and auto repair enterprises to engage in aDanish national OHS programme focusing on the prevention of wear and tear of the musculoskeletal system. The programme provided the enterprises with financial support and support from a facilitator. The study was a qualitative case study supplemented with selected survey data from the enterprises and qualitative data from stakeholders involved in the implementation of the programme. The results showed that the way the programme was introduced through labour inspectors, employer associations, or networks influenced the motivation of the enterprises to engage in the programme. The motivation foractive participation also depended on the content of the prevention package, the economic support and the possibility for facilitation. The decision to start the implementation process depended on whether the owner-managers acknowledged the need for the new OHS approach and whether they found the process meaningful. Contextual factors, as experienced by the owner-managers, influenced the motivation for active participation. These included inter alia general attitude towards authorities and procedures, access to relevant projects and technical equipment, the characteristics of the manager, and the workplace culture. It is concluded that contextual factors can limit the efficacy of programme mechanisms and should be taken into account when designing programmes.

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