Musical and emotional attunement - unique and essential in music therapy with children on the autism spectrum

Ulla Holck, Monika Geretsegger

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftKonferenceabstrakt i tidsskriftForskningpeer review

Resumé

Background: In improvisational music therapy for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), facilitating musical and emotional attunement has been found to be one of the unique and essential principles.
Methods: Using videotaped sequences of therapy sessions from an international study (TIME-A), independent raters assessed therapists’ competence in using their behaviour and expression (e.g., through music, voice, arousal level, movement, facial expression) to allow for moments of synchronisation and attunement. Sequences with frequent occurrences of attunement were then examined in relation to musical parameters, aspects of timing in the interaction, joint vitality forms and emotional expression.
Discussion: Attunement unfolds in different ways, including regulation, selective attunement and gentle redirections of the dynamic in order to regulate the child’s arousal, attention or mood. Both attunement to the child’s vitality forms and selective attunement can be seen as essential for music therapy in ASD. They allow for joint changes in time and thereby possible steps towards early forms of joint attention.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftNordic Journal of Music Therapy
Vol/bind25
Udgave nummerS1
Sider (fra-til)34-35
Antal sider1
ISSN0809-8131
StatusUdgivet - 30 maj 2016
Begivenhed10th European Music Therapy Conference: A Symphony of Dialogues - the University of Music and Performing Arts, Wien, Østrig
Varighed: 5 jul. 20169 jul. 2016
Konferencens nummer: 10
http://www.emtc2016.at/

Konference

Konference10th European Music Therapy Conference
Nummer10
Lokationthe University of Music and Performing Arts
LandØstrig
ByWien
Periode05/07/201609/07/2016
Internetadresse

Fingerprint

music therapy
Music Therapy
Autistic Disorder
autism
Arousal
Joints
Facial Expression
facial expression
Music
mood
Mental Competency
therapist
music
regulation
interaction
Emotion
Autism
Attunement
Autism Spectrum Disorder
Therapeutics

Emneord

  • Improvisation
  • autism spectrum disorder
  • attunement
  • vitality forms

Citer dette

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Musical and emotional attunement - unique and essential in music therapy with children on the autism spectrum. / Holck, Ulla; Geretsegger, Monika.

I: Nordic Journal of Music Therapy, Bind 25, Nr. S1, 30.05.2016, s. 34-35.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftKonferenceabstrakt i tidsskriftForskningpeer review

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AU - Geretsegger, Monika

PY - 2016/5/30

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N2 - Background: In improvisational music therapy for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), facilitating musical and emotional attunement has been found to be one of the unique and essential principles.Methods: Using videotaped sequences of therapy sessions from an international study (TIME-A), independent raters assessed therapists’ competence in using their behaviour and expression (e.g., through music, voice, arousal level, movement, facial expression) to allow for moments of synchronisation and attunement. Sequences with frequent occurrences of attunement were then examined in relation to musical parameters, aspects of timing in the interaction, joint vitality forms and emotional expression.Discussion: Attunement unfolds in different ways, including regulation, selective attunement and gentle redirections of the dynamic in order to regulate the child’s arousal, attention or mood. Both attunement to the child’s vitality forms and selective attunement can be seen as essential for music therapy in ASD. They allow for joint changes in time and thereby possible steps towards early forms of joint attention.

AB - Background: In improvisational music therapy for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), facilitating musical and emotional attunement has been found to be one of the unique and essential principles.Methods: Using videotaped sequences of therapy sessions from an international study (TIME-A), independent raters assessed therapists’ competence in using their behaviour and expression (e.g., through music, voice, arousal level, movement, facial expression) to allow for moments of synchronisation and attunement. Sequences with frequent occurrences of attunement were then examined in relation to musical parameters, aspects of timing in the interaction, joint vitality forms and emotional expression.Discussion: Attunement unfolds in different ways, including regulation, selective attunement and gentle redirections of the dynamic in order to regulate the child’s arousal, attention or mood. Both attunement to the child’s vitality forms and selective attunement can be seen as essential for music therapy in ASD. They allow for joint changes in time and thereby possible steps towards early forms of joint attention.

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KW - vitality forms

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KW - vitality forms

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