Neurodevelopment of Conflict Adaptation: Evidence From Event-Related Potentials

Xiuying Liu, Tongran Liu, Fangfang Shangguan, Thomas Alrik Sørensen, Qian Liu, Jiannong Shi

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

Conflict adaptation is key in how children self-regulate and assert cognitive control in a given situation compared with a previous experience. In the current study, we analyzed event-related potentials (ERPs) to identify age-related differences in conflict adaptation. Participants of different ages (5-year-old children, 10-year-old children, and adults) were subjected to a stimulus-stimulus (S-S) conflict control task (the flanker task) and a stimulus-response (S-R) conflict control task (the Simon task). The behavioral results revealed that all age groups had reliable conflict adaptation effects (CAEs), with faster response times on current incongruent trials preceded by incongruent trials (iI trials) compared with current incongruent trials preceded by congruent trials (cI trials). There were also faster response times on current congruent trials preceded by congruent trials (cC trials) compared with current congruent trials preceded by incongruent trials (iC trials). Moreover, children demonstrated higher CAE related RTs compared with adults. Electrophysiological results showed that both 10-year-old children and adults had reliable CAEs in the flanker task during conflict detection, with a less N2 amplitude on cI trials compared with iI trials. We also found smaller ERP related CAE values in adults compared with children in the Simon task. Our findings suggest a developmental improvement of conflict adaptation that could lead to a state of relative equilibrium, allowing individuals to better assimilate and accommodate potential environmental conflicts. The results may also indicate that the development of conflict adaption is affected by the specific characteristic of the different types of conflict.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftDevelopmental Psychology
Vol/bind54
Udgave nummer7
Sider (fra-til)1347-1362
Antal sider16
ISSN0012-1649
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1 jul. 2018

Fingeraftryk

Evoked Potentials
event
evidence
stimulus
Conflict (Psychology)
Reaction Time
age group
Age Groups

Emneord

    Citer dette

    Liu, Xiuying ; Liu, Tongran ; Shangguan, Fangfang ; Sørensen, Thomas Alrik ; Liu, Qian ; Shi, Jiannong. / Neurodevelopment of Conflict Adaptation : Evidence From Event-Related Potentials. I: Developmental Psychology. 2018 ; Bind 54, Nr. 7. s. 1347-1362.
    @article{9a428cfe633245cc94485415dd3ceaae,
    title = "Neurodevelopment of Conflict Adaptation: Evidence From Event-Related Potentials",
    abstract = "Conflict adaptation is key in how children self-regulate and assert cognitive control in a given situation compared with a previous experience. In the current study, we analyzed event-related potentials (ERPs) to identify age-related differences in conflict adaptation. Participants of different ages (5-year-old children, 10-year-old children, and adults) were subjected to a stimulus-stimulus (S-S) conflict control task (the flanker task) and a stimulus-response (S-R) conflict control task (the Simon task). The behavioral results revealed that all age groups had reliable conflict adaptation effects (CAEs), with faster response times on current incongruent trials preceded by incongruent trials (iI trials) compared with current incongruent trials preceded by congruent trials (cI trials). There were also faster response times on current congruent trials preceded by congruent trials (cC trials) compared with current congruent trials preceded by incongruent trials (iC trials). Moreover, children demonstrated higher CAE related RTs compared with adults. Electrophysiological results showed that both 10-year-old children and adults had reliable CAEs in the flanker task during conflict detection, with a less N2 amplitude on cI trials compared with iI trials. We also found smaller ERP related CAE values in adults compared with children in the Simon task. Our findings suggest a developmental improvement of conflict adaptation that could lead to a state of relative equilibrium, allowing individuals to better assimilate and accommodate potential environmental conflicts. The results may also indicate that the development of conflict adaption is affected by the specific characteristic of the different types of conflict.",
    keywords = "child development, conflict adaptation, dimensional overlap theory, event-related potentials, stimulus-response compatibility",
    author = "Xiuying Liu and Tongran Liu and Fangfang Shangguan and S{\o}rensen, {Thomas Alrik} and Qian Liu and Jiannong Shi",
    year = "2018",
    month = "7",
    day = "1",
    doi = "10.1037/dev0000524",
    language = "English",
    volume = "54",
    pages = "1347--1362",
    journal = "Developmental Psychology",
    issn = "0012-1649",
    publisher = "American Psychological Association",
    number = "7",

    }

    Neurodevelopment of Conflict Adaptation : Evidence From Event-Related Potentials. / Liu, Xiuying ; Liu, Tongran; Shangguan, Fangfang ; Sørensen, Thomas Alrik; Liu, Qian; Shi, Jiannong.

    I: Developmental Psychology, Bind 54, Nr. 7, 01.07.2018, s. 1347-1362.

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Neurodevelopment of Conflict Adaptation

    T2 - Evidence From Event-Related Potentials

    AU - Liu, Xiuying

    AU - Liu, Tongran

    AU - Shangguan, Fangfang

    AU - Sørensen, Thomas Alrik

    AU - Liu, Qian

    AU - Shi, Jiannong

    PY - 2018/7/1

    Y1 - 2018/7/1

    N2 - Conflict adaptation is key in how children self-regulate and assert cognitive control in a given situation compared with a previous experience. In the current study, we analyzed event-related potentials (ERPs) to identify age-related differences in conflict adaptation. Participants of different ages (5-year-old children, 10-year-old children, and adults) were subjected to a stimulus-stimulus (S-S) conflict control task (the flanker task) and a stimulus-response (S-R) conflict control task (the Simon task). The behavioral results revealed that all age groups had reliable conflict adaptation effects (CAEs), with faster response times on current incongruent trials preceded by incongruent trials (iI trials) compared with current incongruent trials preceded by congruent trials (cI trials). There were also faster response times on current congruent trials preceded by congruent trials (cC trials) compared with current congruent trials preceded by incongruent trials (iC trials). Moreover, children demonstrated higher CAE related RTs compared with adults. Electrophysiological results showed that both 10-year-old children and adults had reliable CAEs in the flanker task during conflict detection, with a less N2 amplitude on cI trials compared with iI trials. We also found smaller ERP related CAE values in adults compared with children in the Simon task. Our findings suggest a developmental improvement of conflict adaptation that could lead to a state of relative equilibrium, allowing individuals to better assimilate and accommodate potential environmental conflicts. The results may also indicate that the development of conflict adaption is affected by the specific characteristic of the different types of conflict.

    AB - Conflict adaptation is key in how children self-regulate and assert cognitive control in a given situation compared with a previous experience. In the current study, we analyzed event-related potentials (ERPs) to identify age-related differences in conflict adaptation. Participants of different ages (5-year-old children, 10-year-old children, and adults) were subjected to a stimulus-stimulus (S-S) conflict control task (the flanker task) and a stimulus-response (S-R) conflict control task (the Simon task). The behavioral results revealed that all age groups had reliable conflict adaptation effects (CAEs), with faster response times on current incongruent trials preceded by incongruent trials (iI trials) compared with current incongruent trials preceded by congruent trials (cI trials). There were also faster response times on current congruent trials preceded by congruent trials (cC trials) compared with current congruent trials preceded by incongruent trials (iC trials). Moreover, children demonstrated higher CAE related RTs compared with adults. Electrophysiological results showed that both 10-year-old children and adults had reliable CAEs in the flanker task during conflict detection, with a less N2 amplitude on cI trials compared with iI trials. We also found smaller ERP related CAE values in adults compared with children in the Simon task. Our findings suggest a developmental improvement of conflict adaptation that could lead to a state of relative equilibrium, allowing individuals to better assimilate and accommodate potential environmental conflicts. The results may also indicate that the development of conflict adaption is affected by the specific characteristic of the different types of conflict.

    KW - child development

    KW - conflict adaptation

    KW - dimensional overlap theory

    KW - event-related potentials

    KW - stimulus-response compatibility

    U2 - 10.1037/dev0000524

    DO - 10.1037/dev0000524

    M3 - Journal article

    VL - 54

    SP - 1347

    EP - 1362

    JO - Developmental Psychology

    JF - Developmental Psychology

    SN - 0012-1649

    IS - 7

    ER -