Numerical Simulation of Inter-Flat Air Cross-Contamination under the Condition of Single-Sided Natural Ventilation

Xiaoping Liu, Jianlei Niu, Marco Perino, Per Heiselberg

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

24 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstrakt

The objective of this study is to investigate the mechanism of inter-flat airborne disease transmission under the condition of single-sided natural ventilation. The focus is on one of the typical designs in residential buildings with a rectangular plan layout and having a common corridor separating the two sides, each of which has a flat faade with openable windows. When the wind speed is extremely low, with doors closed and windows opened, the flats become single-sided naturally ventilated driven by buoyancy effects. The air pollutants can travel from a lower flat to a vertically adjacent upper flat through open windows, caused by indoor/outdoor temperature-difference induced buoyancy. Computational fluid dynamics is employed to explore the characteristics of this process. Based on the comparison with experimental data about the air flow distribution in and around a single-sided naturally ventilated room, the renormalization group based k-ε model, together with carbon dioxide used as a tracer, is chosen to reveal this air cross-contamination. The simulation results are in agreement with our prior on-site tracer-gas measurements, revealing that the windows flush with a flat faade can be a major route of the air cross-contamination in high-rise residential buildings. Finally, an assessment index is proposed to evaluate the potential infection risks associated with this inter-flat air flow occurring in high-rise residential buildings.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Building Performance Simulation
Vol/bind1
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)133-147
Antal sider15
ISSN1940-1493
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2008

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