On end-stops and snap loads for taut-moored wave energy converters

Johannes Palm, Claes Eskilsson

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftKonferenceartikel i tidsskriftForskningpeer review

2 Citationer (Scopus)


The power output from many wave energy converters (WECs) is limited by a finite stroke length in the power take-off (PTO) mechanism. As the PTO approaches
its maximum stroke length, an end-stop system needs to be engaged to avoid damage to the machinery. Still the on-set of the end-stop is a nonlinear trigger force, a stiff point in the system. In this respect it is similar to how snap loads in the mooring cables affect the system after a period of cable slack. This paper presents a detailed study into the dynamics of end-stop events and snap loads for a WEC. The WEC is a bottom-mounted linear generator connected to a surface buoy via a steel wire. By comparing a linear spring model with three dynamic mooring line models we conclude that large differences are observed in the low-tension and slack regions of the cable during moderate wave loads, while minor differences are seen in the estimated peak tension. By further varying end-stop parameters we observe that the peak tension in the line changes mildly with the axial stiffness for moderate wave heights. The peak tension is surprisingly unaffected by the introduction of a critical damping level to the end-stop system, despite the significant increase in end-stop force which causes the translator to come to a sudden stop. We discuss how the connection between maximum line force and end-stop parameters is highly dependent on the buoy
position in the wave at the instant of end-stop onset.
TidsskriftProceedings of the European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference
Sider (fra-til)1984-1 - 1984-10
StatusUdgivet - 2021
Begivenhed14th European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference - University of Plymouth, Virtual, Online, Storbritannien
Varighed: 5 sep. 20219 sep. 2021
Konferencens nummer: 14


Konference14th European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference
LokationUniversity of Plymouth
ByVirtual, Online


  • End-stop
  • Floating wave energy converters
  • Mooring cables
  • Snap load


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