On the effect of aqueous ammonia soaking pretreatment on batch and continuous anaerobic digestion of digested swine manure fibers

Chrysoula Mirtsou Xanthopoulou, Esperanza Jurado, Ioannis Skiadas, Hariklia N. Gavala

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Abstrakt

The continuously increasing demand for renewable energy sources renders anaerobic digestion to one of the most promising technologies for renewable energy production. Due to the animal production intensification, manure is being used as the primary feedstock for most of the biogas plants. Thus, their economical profitable operation relies on increasing the methane yield from manure, and especially of its solid fraction which is not so easily degradable. Aqueous Ammonia Soaking (AAS) has been successfully applied on digested fibers separated from the effluent of a manure-fed, full-scale anaerobic digester to enhance their methane productivity in batch experiments. In the present study, continuous experiments at a mesophilic (38°C) CSTR-type anaerobic digester fed with swine manure first and a mixture of manure with AAS-treated digested fibers in the sequel, were performed. The methane yield of AAS-treated digested fibers under continuous operation was even higher than that calculated in batch experiments (0,238 compared to 141-160 l CH4 / g TS, respectively). Anaerobic Digestion Model 1 (ADM1) previously fitted on manure fed digester was used in order to assess the effect of the addition of AAS-pretreated digested manure fibers on the kinetics of anaerobic digestion process. It was found that AAS treatment had a profound effect mainly on the hydrolysis rate of particulate carbohydrates.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TitelProceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Energy from biomass and Waste, San Servolo, Venice (Italy), November 12-15
Antal sider8
ForlagIWWG-International Waste Working Group, Hamburg University of Technology
Publikationsdato2012
ISBN (Elektronisk)978-88-6265-006-9
StatusUdgivet - 2012
Begivenhed4th International Symposium on Energy from biomass and Waste, San Servolo - San Servolo, San Servolo, Venice, Italien
Varighed: 12 nov. 201215 nov. 2012
Konferencens nummer: 4

Konference

Konference4th International Symposium on Energy from biomass and Waste, San Servolo
Nummer4
LokationSan Servolo
LandItalien
BySan Servolo, Venice
Periode12/11/201215/11/2012

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