Operation of Grid -Connected Lithium-Ion Battery Energy Storage System for Primary Frequency Regulation: A Battery Lifetime Perspective

Daniel Loan Stroe, Vaclav Knap, Maciej Jozef Swierczynski, Ana-Irina Stroe, Remus Teodorescu

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

133 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstrakt

Because of their characteristics, which have been continuously improved during the last years, Lithium ion batteries were proposed as an alternative viable solution to present fast-reacting conventional generating units to deliver the primary frequency regulation service. However, even though there are worldwide demonstration projects where energy storage systems based on Lithium-ion batteries are evaluated for such applications, the field experience is still very limited. In consequence, at present there are no very clear requirements on how the Lithium-ion battery energy storage systems should be operated while providing frequency regulation service and how the system has to re-establish its SOC once the frequency event has passed. Therefore, this paper aims to investigate the effect on the lifetime of the Lithium-ion batteries energy storage system of various strategies for re-establishing the batteries’ SOC after the primary frequency regulation is successfully delivered.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftI E E E Transactions on Industry Applications
Vol/bind53
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)430 - 438
Antal sider9
ISSN0093-9994
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jan. 2017

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