Pathophysiology of chronic pancreatitis

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

78 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstract

Chronic pancreatitis (CP) is an inflammatory disease of the pancreas characterized by progressive fibrotic destruction of the pancreatic secretory parenchyma. Despite the heterogeneity in pathogenesis and involved risk factors, processes such as necrosis/apoptosis, inflammation or duct obstruction are involved. This fibrosing process ultimately leads to progressive loss of the lobular morphology and structure of the pancreas, deformation of the large ducts and severe changes in the arrangement and composition of the islets. These conditions lead to irreversible morphological and structural changes resulting in impairment of both exocrine and endocrine functions. The prevalence of the disease is largely dependent on culture and geography. The etiological risk-factors associated with CP are multiple and involve both genetic and environmental factors. Throughout this review the M-ANNHEIM classification system will be used, comprising a detailed description of risk factors such as: alcohol-consumption, nicotine-consumption, nutritional factors, hereditary factors, efferent duct factors, immunological factors and miscellaneous and rare metabolic factors. Increased knowledge of the different etiological factors may encourage the use of further advanced diagnostic tools, which potentially will help clinicians to diagnose CP at an earlier stage. However, in view of the multi factorial disease and the complex clinical picture, it is not surprising that treatment of patients with CP is challenging and often unsuccessful.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftWorld Journal of Gastroenterology
Vol/bind19
Udgave nummer42
Sider (fra-til)7231-40
Antal sider10
ISSN1007-9327
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 14 nov. 2013

Fingeraftryk

Dyk ned i forskningsemnerne om 'Pathophysiology of chronic pancreatitis'. Sammen danner de et unikt fingeraftryk.

Citationsformater