Pathways to sustainable urban mobility planning: A case study applied in São Luís, Brazil

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The fast territorial growth of developing countries has led to problems of displacement in urban space, such as traffic jams, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and traffic accidents. As an alternative to change this scenario, it is proposed in this study to develop sustainability guidelines for urban mobility projects that can be applied in developing countries. Through a case study in a Brazilian city, a method of quantifying GHG emissions for the current scenario of the transport system was developed. From this, it became possible to construct four scenarios that determine sustainable urban mobility guidelines organized by complexity levels from the simplest to the most elaborate, each having different GHGs emission levels. The results indicate that the more comprehensive the mobility system remodeling measures, the lower the GHG emissions. The application of the generated guidelines could lead to a reduction of up to 88.6% of annual GHG emissions in the transport sector for the Brazilian city. Thus, the contributions of this work can guide policymakers and planners to define the levels of complexity to be applied in public policies according to the need to reduce emissions or the resources available to invest in this change.

TidsskriftTransportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives
StatusUdgivet - mar. 2020
Udgivet eksterntJa

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