Active damping is a common way to stabilize the current control of LCL-filtered converters. In this paper, the stable region of −180º-phase-crossing is firstly identified within a predefined range of grid impedance and LCL parameter variations. Once the phase of the current control loop is in the identified region, a stabilization control can be attained. Subsequently, digital filters can be adopted to achieve active damping by reshaping the open-loop phase. Various digital filters are selected and benchmarked in this paper. It is confirmed that the all-pass filter has a unity gain and adjustable lagging phase before the Nyquist frequency, thereby being a promising solution to the phase reshaping. Therefore, the all-pass filter is employed to move the phase of the open-loop control (i.e., −180°-phase crossing) into the targeted region for active damping. Notably, the current controller and the all-pass filter-based active damping can be separately designed, indicating the easy implementation of the active damping. Experimental tests demonstrate that the proposed method can ensure the system stability over a wide range of parameter variations (e.g., grid impedance changes and LCL-filter parameter drifts) while maintaining fast dynamics with the grid-side current control.
Yao, W., Yang, Y., Xu, Y., Blaabjerg, F., Liu, S., & Wilson, G. (2020). Phase Reshaping via All-Pass Filters for Robust LCL-Filter Active Damping. I E E E Transactions on Power Electronics, 35(3), 3114-3126. . https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2019.2927272