Potential of Circular Economy in Sustainable Buildings

Leonora Charlotte Malabi Larsen*, Harpa Birgisdottir, Morten Birkved

*Kontaktforfatter

Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapport/konference proceedingKonferenceartikel i proceedingForskningpeer review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Resumé

The building industry contributes to resource scarcity by consuming vast amounts of natural resources and produces in addition large amounts of waste, both contributing to a considerable portion of the environmental impacts induced by the demands of a growing world population. Manufacturing of most building materials require large amounts of material and energy resources. These materials are nevertheless either down-cycled or ends up as waste after demolition. Consequently, the building industry only manages to exploit an insignificant percentage of the building materials’ inherent economic value and durability. Hence, the need for improved resource efficiency will increase parallel to the growing human demands to ensure that future needs. Circular economy principles can potentially facilitate minimising the aforementioned pending issues emanating from the building industry through recirculation of building materials. E.g. existing mechanical joint solutions can enable design for disassembly, thereby potentially prolonging the service life of building materials and components through reuse in subsequent building projects. The research presented in the paper at hand aims at identifying the main challenges of implementing circular economy principles, as well as potentials here-off, within the building industry through a literature review. Furthermore, a conventional Danish office building is used as case study to support the literature review by quantifying potential environmental and economic benefits of designing the buildings concrete structure for disassembly, with the purpose of reuse, as well as to exemplify how circular economy can be applied in future building projects. Moreover, the paper aims at suggesting a more industry focused approach towards circular economy in order to seize the inherent potentials. As a result, it was found that recycling and energy recovery are the most common circular economy practices in the building industry, even though the economic and environmental benefits of reuse are believed to be much higher. This observation is supported by the findings of the case study, which revealed that reuse of the concrete structure can potentially avoid a noteworthy portion of the building’s embodied CO2 emissions and provide a reasonable economic gain. Moreover, increased impact savings were exhibited when substituting concrete with alternative materials e.g. wood, steel and glass, thereby enabling easier disassembly for both reuse and recycling. However, main challenges preventing the industry from seizing these potentials are identified as: focus on short term goals, complex supply chains, lack of collaboration between stakeholders and absence of a commonly agreed definition of circular economy within the industry. In conclusion, the study demonstrates an improved environmental performance of the office building when designed for disassembly. Furthermore, the choice of building materials has a noteworthy influence on the building’s embodied environmental impacts. From the results obtained in this study it is estimated that the potential environmental impact savings as well as economic benefits can be further increased through a higher degree of design for disassembly.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TitelWorld Multidisciplinary Civil Engineering, Architecture, Urban Planning Symposium (WMCAUS 2018) : 18–22 June 2018, Prague, Czech Republic
RedaktørerMarian Drusa, Isik Yilmaz, Marian Marschalko, Ana-Maria Dabija, Andrea Segalini, Jaroslaw Rybak, Eva Coisson, Martin Decky
Antal sider10
ForlagIOP Publishing
Publikationsdato2019
Sider1-10
Artikelnummer092051
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2019
BegivenhedWorld Multidisciplinary Civil Engineering - Architecture - Urban Planning Symposium 2018 - Prague, Tjekkiet
Varighed: 18 jun. 201822 jun. 2018
Konferencens nummer: 3rd
https://wmcaus.org/

Konference

KonferenceWorld Multidisciplinary Civil Engineering - Architecture - Urban Planning Symposium 2018
Nummer3rd
LandTjekkiet
ByPrague
Periode18/06/201822/06/2018
Internetadresse
NavnIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Vol/bind471
ISSN1757-8981

Fingerprint

Industry
Economics
Environmental impact
Office buildings
Concrete construction
Recycling
Seizing
Demolition
Natural resources
Energy resources
Service life
Supply chains
Wood
Durability
Concretes
Recovery
Glass
Steel
Ecodesign

Citer dette

Malabi Larsen, L. C., Birgisdottir, H., & Birkved, M. (2019). Potential of Circular Economy in Sustainable Buildings. I M. Drusa, I. Yilmaz, M. Marschalko, A-M. Dabija, A. Segalini, J. Rybak, E. Coisson, ... M. Decky (red.), World Multidisciplinary Civil Engineering, Architecture, Urban Planning Symposium (WMCAUS 2018): 18–22 June 2018, Prague, Czech Republic (s. 1-10). [092051] IOP Publishing. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Bind. 471 https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/471/9/092051
Malabi Larsen, Leonora Charlotte ; Birgisdottir, Harpa ; Birkved, Morten. / Potential of Circular Economy in Sustainable Buildings. World Multidisciplinary Civil Engineering, Architecture, Urban Planning Symposium (WMCAUS 2018): 18–22 June 2018, Prague, Czech Republic. red. / Marian Drusa ; Isik Yilmaz ; Marian Marschalko ; Ana-Maria Dabija ; Andrea Segalini ; Jaroslaw Rybak ; Eva Coisson ; Martin Decky. IOP Publishing, 2019. s. 1-10 (IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Bind 471).
@inproceedings{fe98450c79bd4d46bf8eae4bb2510e08,
title = "Potential of Circular Economy in Sustainable Buildings",
abstract = "The building industry contributes to resource scarcity by consuming vast amounts of natural resources and produces in addition large amounts of waste, both contributing to a considerable portion of the environmental impacts induced by the demands of a growing world population. Manufacturing of most building materials require large amounts of material and energy resources. These materials are nevertheless either down-cycled or ends up as waste after demolition. Consequently, the building industry only manages to exploit an insignificant percentage of the building materials' inherent economic value and durability. Hence, the need for improved resource efficiency will increase parallel to the growing human demands to ensure that future needs. Circular economy principles can potentially facilitate minimising the aforementioned pending issues emanating from the building industry through recirculation of building materials. E.g. existing mechanical joint solutions can enable design for disassembly, thereby potentially prolonging the service life of building materials and components through reuse in subsequent building projects. The research presented in the paper at hand aims at identifying the main challenges of implementing circular economy principles, as well as potentials here-off, within the building industry through a literature review. Furthermore, a conventional Danish office building is used as case study to support the literature review by quantifying potential environmental and economic benefits of designing the buildings concrete structure for disassembly, with the purpose of reuse, as well as to exemplify how circular economy can be applied in future building projects. Moreover, the paper aims at suggesting a more industry focused approach towards circular economy in order to seize the inherent potentials. As a result, it was found that recycling and energy recovery are the most common circular economy practices in the building industry, even though the economic and environmental benefits of reuse are believed to be much higher. This observation is supported by the findings of the case study, which revealed that reuse of the concrete structure can potentially avoid a noteworthy portion of the building's embodied CO2 emissions and provide a reasonable economic gain. Moreover, increased impact savings were exhibited when substituting concrete with alternative materials e.g. wood, steel and glass, thereby enabling easier disassembly for both reuse and recycling. However, main challenges preventing the industry from seizing these potentials are identified as: focus on short term goals, complex supply chains, lack of collaboration between stakeholders and absence of a commonly agreed definition of circular economy within the industry. In conclusion, the study demonstrates an improved environmental performance of the office building when designed for disassembly. Furthermore, the choice of building materials has a noteworthy influence on the building's embodied environmental impacts. From the results obtained in this study it is estimated that the potential environmental impact savings as well as economic benefits can be further increased through a higher degree of design for disassembly.",
author = "{Malabi Larsen}, {Leonora Charlotte} and Harpa Birgisdottir and Morten Birkved",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1088/1757-899X/471/9/092051",
language = "English",
series = "IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering",
publisher = "IOP Publishing",
pages = "1--10",
editor = "Marian Drusa and Isik Yilmaz and Marian Marschalko and Dabija, {Ana-Maria } and Andrea Segalini and Jaroslaw Rybak and Eva Coisson and Martin Decky",
booktitle = "World Multidisciplinary Civil Engineering, Architecture, Urban Planning Symposium (WMCAUS 2018)",

}

Malabi Larsen, LC, Birgisdottir, H & Birkved, M 2019, Potential of Circular Economy in Sustainable Buildings. i M Drusa, I Yilmaz, M Marschalko, A-M Dabija, A Segalini, J Rybak, E Coisson & M Decky (red), World Multidisciplinary Civil Engineering, Architecture, Urban Planning Symposium (WMCAUS 2018): 18–22 June 2018, Prague, Czech Republic., 092051, IOP Publishing, IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, bind 471, s. 1-10, World Multidisciplinary Civil Engineering - Architecture - Urban Planning Symposium 2018, Prague, Tjekkiet, 18/06/2018. https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/471/9/092051

Potential of Circular Economy in Sustainable Buildings. / Malabi Larsen, Leonora Charlotte; Birgisdottir, Harpa; Birkved, Morten.

World Multidisciplinary Civil Engineering, Architecture, Urban Planning Symposium (WMCAUS 2018): 18–22 June 2018, Prague, Czech Republic. red. / Marian Drusa; Isik Yilmaz; Marian Marschalko; Ana-Maria Dabija; Andrea Segalini; Jaroslaw Rybak; Eva Coisson; Martin Decky. IOP Publishing, 2019. s. 1-10 092051 (IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Bind 471).

Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapport/konference proceedingKonferenceartikel i proceedingForskningpeer review

TY - GEN

T1 - Potential of Circular Economy in Sustainable Buildings

AU - Malabi Larsen, Leonora Charlotte

AU - Birgisdottir, Harpa

AU - Birkved, Morten

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - The building industry contributes to resource scarcity by consuming vast amounts of natural resources and produces in addition large amounts of waste, both contributing to a considerable portion of the environmental impacts induced by the demands of a growing world population. Manufacturing of most building materials require large amounts of material and energy resources. These materials are nevertheless either down-cycled or ends up as waste after demolition. Consequently, the building industry only manages to exploit an insignificant percentage of the building materials' inherent economic value and durability. Hence, the need for improved resource efficiency will increase parallel to the growing human demands to ensure that future needs. Circular economy principles can potentially facilitate minimising the aforementioned pending issues emanating from the building industry through recirculation of building materials. E.g. existing mechanical joint solutions can enable design for disassembly, thereby potentially prolonging the service life of building materials and components through reuse in subsequent building projects. The research presented in the paper at hand aims at identifying the main challenges of implementing circular economy principles, as well as potentials here-off, within the building industry through a literature review. Furthermore, a conventional Danish office building is used as case study to support the literature review by quantifying potential environmental and economic benefits of designing the buildings concrete structure for disassembly, with the purpose of reuse, as well as to exemplify how circular economy can be applied in future building projects. Moreover, the paper aims at suggesting a more industry focused approach towards circular economy in order to seize the inherent potentials. As a result, it was found that recycling and energy recovery are the most common circular economy practices in the building industry, even though the economic and environmental benefits of reuse are believed to be much higher. This observation is supported by the findings of the case study, which revealed that reuse of the concrete structure can potentially avoid a noteworthy portion of the building's embodied CO2 emissions and provide a reasonable economic gain. Moreover, increased impact savings were exhibited when substituting concrete with alternative materials e.g. wood, steel and glass, thereby enabling easier disassembly for both reuse and recycling. However, main challenges preventing the industry from seizing these potentials are identified as: focus on short term goals, complex supply chains, lack of collaboration between stakeholders and absence of a commonly agreed definition of circular economy within the industry. In conclusion, the study demonstrates an improved environmental performance of the office building when designed for disassembly. Furthermore, the choice of building materials has a noteworthy influence on the building's embodied environmental impacts. From the results obtained in this study it is estimated that the potential environmental impact savings as well as economic benefits can be further increased through a higher degree of design for disassembly.

AB - The building industry contributes to resource scarcity by consuming vast amounts of natural resources and produces in addition large amounts of waste, both contributing to a considerable portion of the environmental impacts induced by the demands of a growing world population. Manufacturing of most building materials require large amounts of material and energy resources. These materials are nevertheless either down-cycled or ends up as waste after demolition. Consequently, the building industry only manages to exploit an insignificant percentage of the building materials' inherent economic value and durability. Hence, the need for improved resource efficiency will increase parallel to the growing human demands to ensure that future needs. Circular economy principles can potentially facilitate minimising the aforementioned pending issues emanating from the building industry through recirculation of building materials. E.g. existing mechanical joint solutions can enable design for disassembly, thereby potentially prolonging the service life of building materials and components through reuse in subsequent building projects. The research presented in the paper at hand aims at identifying the main challenges of implementing circular economy principles, as well as potentials here-off, within the building industry through a literature review. Furthermore, a conventional Danish office building is used as case study to support the literature review by quantifying potential environmental and economic benefits of designing the buildings concrete structure for disassembly, with the purpose of reuse, as well as to exemplify how circular economy can be applied in future building projects. Moreover, the paper aims at suggesting a more industry focused approach towards circular economy in order to seize the inherent potentials. As a result, it was found that recycling and energy recovery are the most common circular economy practices in the building industry, even though the economic and environmental benefits of reuse are believed to be much higher. This observation is supported by the findings of the case study, which revealed that reuse of the concrete structure can potentially avoid a noteworthy portion of the building's embodied CO2 emissions and provide a reasonable economic gain. Moreover, increased impact savings were exhibited when substituting concrete with alternative materials e.g. wood, steel and glass, thereby enabling easier disassembly for both reuse and recycling. However, main challenges preventing the industry from seizing these potentials are identified as: focus on short term goals, complex supply chains, lack of collaboration between stakeholders and absence of a commonly agreed definition of circular economy within the industry. In conclusion, the study demonstrates an improved environmental performance of the office building when designed for disassembly. Furthermore, the choice of building materials has a noteworthy influence on the building's embodied environmental impacts. From the results obtained in this study it is estimated that the potential environmental impact savings as well as economic benefits can be further increased through a higher degree of design for disassembly.

UR - https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1757-899X/471/9/092051/pdf

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85062490654&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/471/1/011001

U2 - 10.1088/1757-899X/471/9/092051

DO - 10.1088/1757-899X/471/9/092051

M3 - Article in proceeding

T3 - IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering

SP - 1

EP - 10

BT - World Multidisciplinary Civil Engineering, Architecture, Urban Planning Symposium (WMCAUS 2018)

A2 - Drusa, Marian

A2 - Yilmaz, Isik

A2 - Marschalko, Marian

A2 - Dabija, Ana-Maria

A2 - Segalini, Andrea

A2 - Rybak, Jaroslaw

A2 - Coisson, Eva

A2 - Decky, Martin

PB - IOP Publishing

ER -

Malabi Larsen LC, Birgisdottir H, Birkved M. Potential of Circular Economy in Sustainable Buildings. I Drusa M, Yilmaz I, Marschalko M, Dabija A-M, Segalini A, Rybak J, Coisson E, Decky M, red., World Multidisciplinary Civil Engineering, Architecture, Urban Planning Symposium (WMCAUS 2018): 18–22 June 2018, Prague, Czech Republic. IOP Publishing. 2019. s. 1-10. 092051. (IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Bind 471). https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/471/9/092051