BACKGROUND: Guidelines from the European Hereditary Tumor Group as well as The Danish National Guidelines for Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome (PJS) state that both prenatal diagnosis and preimplantation genetic testing for monogenic disorders (PGT-M) should be offered to patients with PJS. However, only a few cases resulting in viable pregnancies have been published.
OBJECTIVE: We present two cases of PJS patients going through PGT-M for PJS. We highlight the awareness of this possibility and discuss the technical and ethical challenges of performing PGT-M for PJS.
METHODS AND RESULTS: Case 1: A 36-year-old male with PJS and his partner were referred for genetic counseling. The patient carried a pathogenic de novo variant in STK11. After a terminated pregnancy of a fetus carrying the same pathogenic variant, microsatellite polymorphic marker analysis was established, and the patient was offered PGT-M. The female partner of the patient gave birth to a healthy boy after five years of fertility treatment. Case 2: A 35-year-old female with PJS and her partner were referred for genetic counseling. She carried an inherited pathogenic STK11 variant. The couple was offered PGT-M. Genetic testing of the embryos was performed using microsatellite polymorphic markers. After two rounds of oocyte extraction a blastocyst predicted not to be affected by PJS was identified. The blastocyst was transferred; however, this did not result in a viable pregnancy.
CONCLUSIONS: PGT-M can be offered to patients with PJS. The process may be long and filled with ethical dilemmas requiring patients to be motivated and persistent.