Quantities of comorbidities affects physical, but not mental health related quality of life in type 1 diabetes with confirmed polyneuropathy

Anne-Marie L Wegeberg, Theresa Meldgaard, Sofie Hyldahl, Poul Erik Jakobsen, Asbjørn M Drewes, Birgitte Brock, Christina Brock

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: A large number of adults with long-term type 1 diabetes are affected by symmetrical peripheral neuropathy. These complications increase socioeconomic expenses and diminish the individual quality of life. The 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) is a generic patient reported questionnaire, measuring mental and physical health related quality of life. We hypothesized that diabetic neuropathy would decrease physical and mental quality of life measured with SF-36, and that clinical appearance may be associated with the decline.

AIM: To investigate if diabetic neuropathy would decrease physical and mental quality of life measured with SF-36, and if clinical appearance may be associated with the decline.

METHODS: Forty-eight adults [age 50 ± 9 years, 10 females, disease duration 32 (14-51) years] with verified diabetic symmetrical peripheral neuropathy and 21 healthy participants (age 51 ± 6 years, 6 females) underwent standardised nerve conduction testing and completed the SF-36 questionnaire. Furthermore, disease duration, number of comorbidities, both diabetes related and nondiabetes related, vibration perception threshold, number of hypoglycaemic events, HbA1c and administration way of insulin was notified.

RESULTS: In comparison to healthy subjects, patients' mental composite score was not significantly diminished (51.9 ± 8.9 vs 53.1 ± 5.5, P = 0.558), while the physical composite score was (46.3 ± 11.7 vs 54.6 ± 3.3, P = 0.002). As expected, the overall physical health related symptoms in patients were associated to total number of comorbidities (P < 0.0001), comorbidities relation to diabetes (P = 0.0002) and HbA1c (P = 0.005) as well as comorbidities not related to diabetes (P = 0.0006).

CONCLUSION: The finding of this study emphasises the importance of focusing on quality of life in adults with diabetes and especially in those with multiple comorbidities as well as the possibility of HbA1c as a biomarker for severe complication.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftWorld Journal of Diabetes
Vol/bind10
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)87-95
Antal sider9
ISSN1948-9358
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 15 feb. 2019

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