Reliability Based Design of Fluid Power Pitch Systems for Wind Turbines

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Abstract

This paper presents a qualitative design tool for evaluation of the risk for fluid power pitch systems. The design tool is developed with special attention to industry standard failure analysis methods and is aimed at the early phase of system design. Firstly, the concept of Fault Tree Analysis (FTA) is used for systematic description of fault propagation linking failure modes to system effects. The methodology is conducted solely on a circuit diagram and functional behavior. The Failure Mode and Effect Criticality Analysis (FMECA) is subsequently employed to determine the failure mode risk via the Risk Priority Number (RPN). The FMECA is based on past research concerning failure analysis of wind turbine drive trains. Guidelines are given to select the severity, occurrence and detection score that make up the RPN. The usability
of the method is shown in a case study of a fluid power pitch system applied to wind turbines. The results show a good agreement to recent field failure data for offshore turbines where the dominating failure modes are valve, accumulator and leakage. The results are further used for making design improvements to lower the overall risk of the pitch system
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftWind Energy
Vol/bind20
Udgave nummer6
Sider (fra-til)1097-1110
Antal sider14
ISSN1095-4244
DOI
StatusUdgivet - maj 2017

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