Renewable Electrification in Kenya: Potentials and Barriers

Dominic Samoita, Arne Remmen, Charles Nzila, Poul Alberg Østergaard

Publikation: Working paperForskningpeer review

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Resumé

Kenya mainly depends on oil and hydro sources for electricity supply, however the rivers for
hydropower and their tributaries are found in arid and semi-arid areas with erratic rainfall
leading to frequent problems in stable delivery of electricity in the country. As for oil-based
electricity generation, this is expensive and environmentally harmful. Kenya, however, has great
potential for photo voltaics (PV)-based power generation since it is located near the equator and
it receives plentiful insolation. PV technology is thus a viable option for electricity generation to
mitigate the aforementioned electricity supply challenges, yet the exploitation of solar PV in
Kenya is still limited. This working paper analyses both the potential for integration of PV into
the Kenyan electricity generation mix and the sociotechnical, economic, political, and
institutional and policy barriers, which limit PV integration. These barriers can be overcome with
better and more robust policy regulations, additional investments in research and development,
and coordination. Most noticeably, storage solutions and other elements of flexibility need to
be incorporated to balance the intermittent nature of electricity generation based on solar PV.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Sider1-19
Antal sider20
StatusUdgivet - 2019

Citer dette

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Renewable Electrification in Kenya : Potentials and Barriers. / Samoita, Dominic; Remmen, Arne; Nzila, Charles; Østergaard, Poul Alberg.

2019. s. 1-19.

Publikation: Working paperForskningpeer review

TY - UNPB

T1 - Renewable Electrification in Kenya

T2 - Potentials and Barriers

AU - Samoita, Dominic

AU - Remmen, Arne

AU - Nzila, Charles

AU - Østergaard, Poul Alberg

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Kenya mainly depends on oil and hydro sources for electricity supply, however the rivers forhydropower and their tributaries are found in arid and semi-arid areas with erratic rainfallleading to frequent problems in stable delivery of electricity in the country. As for oil-basedelectricity generation, this is expensive and environmentally harmful. Kenya, however, has greatpotential for photo voltaics (PV)-based power generation since it is located near the equator andit receives plentiful insolation. PV technology is thus a viable option for electricity generation tomitigate the aforementioned electricity supply challenges, yet the exploitation of solar PV inKenya is still limited. This working paper analyses both the potential for integration of PV intothe Kenyan electricity generation mix and the sociotechnical, economic, political, andinstitutional and policy barriers, which limit PV integration. These barriers can be overcome withbetter and more robust policy regulations, additional investments in research and development,and coordination. Most noticeably, storage solutions and other elements of flexibility need tobe incorporated to balance the intermittent nature of electricity generation based on solar PV.

AB - Kenya mainly depends on oil and hydro sources for electricity supply, however the rivers forhydropower and their tributaries are found in arid and semi-arid areas with erratic rainfallleading to frequent problems in stable delivery of electricity in the country. As for oil-basedelectricity generation, this is expensive and environmentally harmful. Kenya, however, has greatpotential for photo voltaics (PV)-based power generation since it is located near the equator andit receives plentiful insolation. PV technology is thus a viable option for electricity generation tomitigate the aforementioned electricity supply challenges, yet the exploitation of solar PV inKenya is still limited. This working paper analyses both the potential for integration of PV intothe Kenyan electricity generation mix and the sociotechnical, economic, political, andinstitutional and policy barriers, which limit PV integration. These barriers can be overcome withbetter and more robust policy regulations, additional investments in research and development,and coordination. Most noticeably, storage solutions and other elements of flexibility need tobe incorporated to balance the intermittent nature of electricity generation based on solar PV.

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BT - Renewable Electrification in Kenya

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