Repeatability of pulse diagnosis in traditional Indian Ayurveda medicine

Vrinda Kurande, Rasmus Waagepetersen, Egon Toft

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftKonferenceabstrakt i tidsskriftForskningpeer review

Resumé

Purpose
In Ayurveda, pulse diagnosis is the unique diagnostic method that determines the proportion of diagnostic variables (vata, pitta and kapha); however, this is only justifiable if pulse diagnosis yields a consistent result. Though pulse diagnosis has a long historical use, still there is lack of quantitative measures on e.g., reliability of the diagnostic method. Reliability means consistency of information. Consistent diagnosis leads to consistent treatment and is important for clinical practice, education and research. The objective of this study is to study methodology to test the test-retest reliability (repeatability) of pulse diagnosis. Another objective is to provide additional interpretation of Cohen’s weighted kappa statistic for analysis of categorical pulse diagnosis variables.
Methods
A double-blinded, controlled, observational clinical trial was conducted at the Art of Living Center in Copenhagen, Denmark. The same doctor, an expert in Ayurvedic pulse diagnosis, examined the pulse of 17 healthy subjects twice in a random order without seeing them. For statistical analysis, a distance measure on pulse diagnosis variables was developed. Cohen's weighted kappa statistic was used as a measure of intra-rater reliability. Permutation tests were used to test the hypothesis of homogeneous diagnosis.
Results
The hypothesis of homogeneous diagnosis was rejected on the 5% significance level (p-value of 0.02). According to the Landis and Koch scale, a weighted kappa value of 0.42 for pulse diagnosis corresponds to a ‘moderate’ level of agreement.
Conclusion
Results show that there was a reasonable level of consistency between two pulse diagnoses. Further studies using the developed methodology are required to quantify inter-subject and intra-subject agreement for greater understanding of reliability of pulse diagnosis. The developed statistical methodology appears to be appropriate for assessing reliability of pulse diagnosis and will be beneficial for further studies of pulse diagnosis, tongue diagnosis and body constitution (prakriti) assessment.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftBMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Vol/bind12
Udgave nummerSuppl. 1
Sider (fra-til)P188, P02.132
ISSN1472-6882
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2012
BegivenhedInternational Research Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health - Portland, OR, USA
Varighed: 15 maj 201218 maj 2012

Konference

KonferenceInternational Research Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health
LandUSA
ByPortland, OR
Periode15/05/201218/05/2012

Fingerprint

Medicine
Pulse
Traditional Pulse Diagnosis
Body Constitution
Controlled Clinical Trials
Denmark
Tongue
Reproducibility of Results
Healthy Volunteers
Education

Citer dette

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title = "Repeatability of pulse diagnosis in traditional Indian Ayurveda medicine",
abstract = "PurposeIn Ayurveda, pulse diagnosis is the unique diagnostic method that determines the proportion of diagnostic variables (vata, pitta and kapha); however, this is only justifiable if pulse diagnosis yields a consistent result. Though pulse diagnosis has a long historical use, still there is lack of quantitative measures on e.g., reliability of the diagnostic method. Reliability means consistency of information. Consistent diagnosis leads to consistent treatment and is important for clinical practice, education and research. The objective of this study is to study methodology to test the test-retest reliability (repeatability) of pulse diagnosis. Another objective is to provide additional interpretation of Cohen’s weighted kappa statistic for analysis of categorical pulse diagnosis variables.MethodsA double-blinded, controlled, observational clinical trial was conducted at the Art of Living Center in Copenhagen, Denmark. The same doctor, an expert in Ayurvedic pulse diagnosis, examined the pulse of 17 healthy subjects twice in a random order without seeing them. For statistical analysis, a distance measure on pulse diagnosis variables was developed. Cohen's weighted kappa statistic was used as a measure of intra-rater reliability. Permutation tests were used to test the hypothesis of homogeneous diagnosis.ResultsThe hypothesis of homogeneous diagnosis was rejected on the 5{\%} significance level (p-value of 0.02). According to the Landis and Koch scale, a weighted kappa value of 0.42 for pulse diagnosis corresponds to a ‘moderate’ level of agreement.ConclusionResults show that there was a reasonable level of consistency between two pulse diagnoses. Further studies using the developed methodology are required to quantify inter-subject and intra-subject agreement for greater understanding of reliability of pulse diagnosis. The developed statistical methodology appears to be appropriate for assessing reliability of pulse diagnosis and will be beneficial for further studies of pulse diagnosis, tongue diagnosis and body constitution (prakriti) assessment.",
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Repeatability of pulse diagnosis in traditional Indian Ayurveda medicine. / Kurande, Vrinda; Waagepetersen, Rasmus; Toft, Egon.

I: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Bind 12, Nr. Suppl. 1, 2012, s. P188, P02.132.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftKonferenceabstrakt i tidsskriftForskningpeer review

TY - ABST

T1 - Repeatability of pulse diagnosis in traditional Indian Ayurveda medicine

AU - Kurande, Vrinda

AU - Waagepetersen, Rasmus

AU - Toft, Egon

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - PurposeIn Ayurveda, pulse diagnosis is the unique diagnostic method that determines the proportion of diagnostic variables (vata, pitta and kapha); however, this is only justifiable if pulse diagnosis yields a consistent result. Though pulse diagnosis has a long historical use, still there is lack of quantitative measures on e.g., reliability of the diagnostic method. Reliability means consistency of information. Consistent diagnosis leads to consistent treatment and is important for clinical practice, education and research. The objective of this study is to study methodology to test the test-retest reliability (repeatability) of pulse diagnosis. Another objective is to provide additional interpretation of Cohen’s weighted kappa statistic for analysis of categorical pulse diagnosis variables.MethodsA double-blinded, controlled, observational clinical trial was conducted at the Art of Living Center in Copenhagen, Denmark. The same doctor, an expert in Ayurvedic pulse diagnosis, examined the pulse of 17 healthy subjects twice in a random order without seeing them. For statistical analysis, a distance measure on pulse diagnosis variables was developed. Cohen's weighted kappa statistic was used as a measure of intra-rater reliability. Permutation tests were used to test the hypothesis of homogeneous diagnosis.ResultsThe hypothesis of homogeneous diagnosis was rejected on the 5% significance level (p-value of 0.02). According to the Landis and Koch scale, a weighted kappa value of 0.42 for pulse diagnosis corresponds to a ‘moderate’ level of agreement.ConclusionResults show that there was a reasonable level of consistency between two pulse diagnoses. Further studies using the developed methodology are required to quantify inter-subject and intra-subject agreement for greater understanding of reliability of pulse diagnosis. The developed statistical methodology appears to be appropriate for assessing reliability of pulse diagnosis and will be beneficial for further studies of pulse diagnosis, tongue diagnosis and body constitution (prakriti) assessment.

AB - PurposeIn Ayurveda, pulse diagnosis is the unique diagnostic method that determines the proportion of diagnostic variables (vata, pitta and kapha); however, this is only justifiable if pulse diagnosis yields a consistent result. Though pulse diagnosis has a long historical use, still there is lack of quantitative measures on e.g., reliability of the diagnostic method. Reliability means consistency of information. Consistent diagnosis leads to consistent treatment and is important for clinical practice, education and research. The objective of this study is to study methodology to test the test-retest reliability (repeatability) of pulse diagnosis. Another objective is to provide additional interpretation of Cohen’s weighted kappa statistic for analysis of categorical pulse diagnosis variables.MethodsA double-blinded, controlled, observational clinical trial was conducted at the Art of Living Center in Copenhagen, Denmark. The same doctor, an expert in Ayurvedic pulse diagnosis, examined the pulse of 17 healthy subjects twice in a random order without seeing them. For statistical analysis, a distance measure on pulse diagnosis variables was developed. Cohen's weighted kappa statistic was used as a measure of intra-rater reliability. Permutation tests were used to test the hypothesis of homogeneous diagnosis.ResultsThe hypothesis of homogeneous diagnosis was rejected on the 5% significance level (p-value of 0.02). According to the Landis and Koch scale, a weighted kappa value of 0.42 for pulse diagnosis corresponds to a ‘moderate’ level of agreement.ConclusionResults show that there was a reasonable level of consistency between two pulse diagnoses. Further studies using the developed methodology are required to quantify inter-subject and intra-subject agreement for greater understanding of reliability of pulse diagnosis. The developed statistical methodology appears to be appropriate for assessing reliability of pulse diagnosis and will be beneficial for further studies of pulse diagnosis, tongue diagnosis and body constitution (prakriti) assessment.

KW - Integrated medicine

KW - Indian traditional Medicine

U2 - 10.1186/1472-6882-12-S1-P188

DO - 10.1186/1472-6882-12-S1-P188

M3 - Conference abstract in journal

VL - 12

SP - P188, P02.132

JO - B M C Complementary and Alternative Medicine

JF - B M C Complementary and Alternative Medicine

SN - 1472-6882

IS - Suppl. 1

ER -