Sizing of an Energy Storage System for Grid Inertial Response and Primary Frequency Reserve

Vaclav Knap, Sanjay Kumar Chaudhary, Daniel Loan Stroe, Maciej Jozef Swierczynski, Bogdan-Ionut Craciun, Remus Teodorescu

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333 Citationer (Scopus)
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Large-scale integration of renewable energy sources in power system leads to the replacement of conventional power plants (CPPs) and consequently challenges in power system reliability and security are introduced. This study is focused on improving the grid frequency response after a contingency event in the power system with a high penetration of wind power. An energy storage system (ESS) might be a viable solution for providing inertial response and primary frequency regulation. A methodology has been presented here for the sizing of the ESS in terms of required power and energy. It describes the contribution of the ESS to the grid, in terms of inertial constant and droop. The methodology is applied to a 12-bus grid model with high wind power penetration. The estimated ESS size for inertial response and primary frequency regulation services are validated through real-time simulations. Moreover, it is demonstrated that the ESS can provide the response similar to that provided by the CPPs.
TidsskriftI E E E Transactions on Power Systems
Udgave nummer5
Sider (fra-til)3447-3456
Antal sider10
StatusUdgivet - sep. 2016


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