Sociodemographic and hospital characteristics for patients with severe functional disorder receiving specialized treatment at hospital. A regional register-based cross-sectional study from Denmark

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: 10% of all adult Danish citizen has a functional disorder (FD). This study aimed to describe how patients referred to specialized treatment (CFD; Clinic for Functional Disorders) differentiate from those not referred to specialized treatment in terms of sex, comorbidty, different types of hospital contacts and affiliation to labour market 12 and 60 months prior discharged from the hospital with a FD-diagnosis between 2019 and 2021.

METHODS: The study was a register-based cross-sectional study of patients discharged with a FD in North Denmark Region between 2019 and 2021 (study period). Patients between 18 and 65 years of age with FD were identified in the regional patient administrative system.

RESULTS: A total of 6831 patients were discharged from the hospital with a FD, of which 160 were referred to CFD. Patients with FD were more likely to be referred to CFD, if they were female, had reduced or no affiliation to the labour market or most hospital contacts were as outpatient. Moreover, an increase in hospital contacts as outpatient and a reduction in affiliation to labour market over time increased the chance of being treated at CFD.

CONCLUSION: Patients referred to CFD differed from patients not referred to CFD. Patients referred to CFD were to a lesser extent affiliated to the labour market but had more often hospital contacts as outpatient prior to being discharged with FD. In addition, patients referred to CFD increased their contacts to the hospital as outpatient more than those not referred during the preceding 5 years from discharge with FD.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer111561
TidsskriftJournal of Psychosomatic Research
Vol/bind176
Antal sider6
ISSN0022-3999
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jan. 2024

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