Structure-Property Relationships and the Mixed Network Former Effect in Boroaluminosilicate Glasses

Qiuju Zheng, Marcel Potuzak, John C. Mauro, Morten Mattrup Smedskjær, Adam J. Ellison, Randall E. Youngman, Yuanzheng Yue

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Abstrakt

Boroaluminosilicate glasses are important materials for various applications, e.g., liquid crystal display substrates, glass fibers for reinforcement, and thermal shock-resistant glass containers. The complicated structural speciation in these glasses leads to a mixed network former effect yielding nonlinear variation in many macroscopic properties. It is therefore crucial to investigate and understand structure-property correlations in boroaluminosilicate glasses. Here we study the structure-property relationships of a range of sodium boroaluminosilicate glasses from peralkaline to peraluminous compositions by substituting Al2O3 for SiO2. We also investigate the various roles of sodium in the glasses including charge compensation of tetrahedral aluminum and boron atoms and formation of non-bridging oxygen. We find that mechanical properties (density, elastic moduli, and hardness), glass transition temperature, and kinetic and thermodynamic liquid fragilities all exhibit nonlinear variations with changes in the relative network former concentrations. The structural origin of these nonlinear variations is elucidated through nuclear magnetic resonance measurements and analysis. Finally, we explore the effect of iron on the measured properties by doping these glasses with ~1 mol% of iron oxide.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Publikationsdato2012
Antal sider1
StatusUdgivet - 2012
Begivenhed11th ESG Conference - Maastricht, Holland
Varighed: 3 jun. 20126 jun. 2012

Konference

Konference11th ESG Conference
LandHolland
ByMaastricht
Periode03/06/201206/06/2012

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