Sustained Water Storage in Horn of Africa Drylands Dominated by Seasonal Rainfall Extremes

Markus Adloff*, Michael Bliss Singer, David A. MacLeod, Katerina Michaelides, Nooshin Mehrnegar, Eleanor Hansford, Chris Funk, Daniel Mitchell


Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

7 Citationer (Scopus)
6 Downloads (Pure)


Rural communities in the Horn of Africa Drylands (HADs) are increasingly vulnerable to multi-season droughts due to the strong dependence of livelihoods on seasonal rainfall. We analyzed multiple observational rainfall data sets for recent decadal trends in mean and extreme seasonal rainfall, as well as satellite-derived terrestrial water storage and soil moisture trends arising from two key rainfall seasons across various subregions of HAD. We show that, despite decreases in total March-April-May rainfall, total water storage in the HAD has increased. This trend correlates strongly with seasonal totals and especially with extreme rainfall in the two dominant HAD rainy seasons between 2003 and 2016. We further show that high-intensity October-November-December rainfall associated with positive Indian Ocean Dipole events lead to the largest seasonal increases in water storage that persist over multiple years. These findings suggest that developing groundwater resources in HAD could offset or mitigate the impacts of increasingly common droughts.

TidsskriftGeophysical Research Letters
Udgave nummer21
StatusUdgivet - 16 nov. 2022

Bibliografisk note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022. The Authors.


Dyk ned i forskningsemnerne om 'Sustained Water Storage in Horn of Africa Drylands Dominated by Seasonal Rainfall Extremes'. Sammen danner de et unikt fingeraftryk.