The AI&M procedure for learning from incomplete data

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Abstrakt

We investigate methods for parameter learning from incomplete data that is
not missing at random. Likelihood-based methods then require the optimization of
a profile likelihood that takes all possible missingness mechanisms into account.
Optimizing this profile likelihood poses two main difficulties: multiple (local) maxima, and its very high-dimensional parameter space. In this paper a new method is presented for optimizing the profile likelihood that addresses the second difficulty: in the proposed AI\&M (adjusting imputation and maximization) procedure the optimization is performed by operations in the space of data completions, rather than
directly in the parameter space of the profile likelihood. We apply the AI\&M method to
learning parameters for Bayesian networks. The method is compared against
conservative inference, which takes into account each possible data completion,
and against EM. The results indicate that likelihood-based inference is still feasible
in the case of unknown missingness mechanisms, and that conservative inference is
unnecessarily weak. On the other hand, our results also provide evidence that the
EM algorithm is still quite effective when the data is not missing at random.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TitelProceedings of the 22nd Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence (UAI-06)
Antal sider8
ForlagAssociation for Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence
Publikationsdato2006
Sider225-232
ISBN (Trykt)0974903922
StatusUdgivet - 2006
BegivenhedUncertainty in Artificial Intelligence - Cambridge, USA
Varighed: 13 jun. 200616 jun. 2006
Konferencens nummer: 22

Konference

KonferenceUncertainty in Artificial Intelligence
Nummer22
LandUSA
ByCambridge
Periode13/06/200616/06/2006

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