Introduction: While buttom-up and heterogeneous social movements proliferate their impact is less evident. We wish to contribute with knowledge about these heterogeneous social movements and ask: How can we understand the development and framing of new bottom-up social movements and their potentials for social change?
Methods: Through a case study of the Danish movement, Venligboerne, we explore how the movement changed character in response to the 2015 European refugee crisis, how activists adapt and combine repertoires of familiar forms of action, and how activists and the political establishment frame the movement. Data consists of news coverage and publicly available Facebook posts.
Results: Out study shows that Venligboerne is complex, fluid, and changes due to both internal and external forces. The movement expanded in response to the refugee crisis, and while action is recombined in still new ways, the framing of the movement draws on old dichotomous concepts legitimising and de-legitimising the movement’s activities.
Discussions: Based on these results, we discuss the potential for social change focussing especially on how the use of old dichotomous concepts in framing processes may prove to be an obstacle for the development of social movements.
Conclusions: We conclude that routinised patterns of understanding activism can be detrimental to the social impact. Rather, the potential is in the focus on action, which may unite buttom-up and heterogeneous movements despite disagreement about aims and means.
TidsskriftInternational Journal of Politics, Culture, and Society
StatusAfsendt - dec. 2021


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