The effect of introducing a free breakfast club on eating habits among students at vocational schools

Camilla Berg Christensen, Bent Egberg Mikkelsen, Ulla Toft

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

1 Citation (Scopus)
3 Downloads (Pure)

Resumé

Background

Unhealthy eating habits are a major problem among adolescents. The objective of the study was to assess the effect of a free breakfast club intervention on dietary habits among students at vocational schools.

Methods

The study included students (n = 318) from four vocational schools in Denmark. Food frequency questionnaires were used to measure eating habits at baseline, first, and second follow-up, after 7 and 14 weeks respectively, in a clustered randomized controlled intervention of four months. The effect of the intervention was evaluated through self-reported frequencies of breakfast intake, intake of whole grain products for breakfast and intake of unhealthy snacking in the morning. The outcome measures were daily breakfast intake (yes/no), daily intake of whole grain for breakfast (yes/no), and unhealthy snacking on school day mornings (yes/no).

Results

The proportion of students who had breakfast every school day increased significantly in the intervention schools from baseline to the first follow-up compared to the control group (OR: 3.77; P = 0.0149). The effect was attenuated at the second follow-up. The intake of whole grain products for breakfast increased significantly more among students in intervention schools compared to students in control schools both at first (OR: 4.13; P = 0.0079) and second follow-up (OR: 3.27; P = 0.0317). No significant change in unhealthy snacking was found.

Conclusion

Provision of free breakfast at vocational schools can improve the dietary quality of breakfast and decrease breakfast skipping. However, the sustainability of the intervention is a critical issue that needs to be further studied and addressed.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftB M C Public Health
Vol/bind19
Udgave nummer369
Antal sider8
ISSN1471-2458
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 3 apr. 2019

Emneord

  • Randomised controlled trial
  • Low socioeconomic status
  • Breakfast club
  • School meals
  • Adolescents
  • Eating Habits
  • Health promotion

Citer dette

Christensen, Camilla Berg ; Mikkelsen, Bent Egberg ; Toft, Ulla . / The effect of introducing a free breakfast club on eating habits among students at vocational schools. I: B M C Public Health. 2019 ; Bind 19, Nr. 369.
@article{bc4150cf61cd45b5a259395c03a77e5e,
title = "The effect of introducing a free breakfast club on eating habits among students at vocational schools",
abstract = "BackgroundUnhealthy eating habits are a major problem among adolescents. The objective of the study was to assess the effect of a free breakfast club intervention on dietary habits among students at vocational schools.MethodsThe study included students (n = 318) from four vocational schools in Denmark. Food frequency questionnaires were used to measure eating habits at baseline, first, and second follow-up, after 7 and 14 weeks respectively, in a clustered randomized controlled intervention of four months. The effect of the intervention was evaluated through self-reported frequencies of breakfast intake, intake of whole grain products for breakfast and intake of unhealthy snacking in the morning. The outcome measures were daily breakfast intake (yes/no), daily intake of whole grain for breakfast (yes/no), and unhealthy snacking on school day mornings (yes/no).ResultsThe proportion of students who had breakfast every school day increased significantly in the intervention schools from baseline to the first follow-up compared to the control group (OR: 3.77; P = 0.0149). The effect was attenuated at the second follow-up. The intake of whole grain products for breakfast increased significantly more among students in intervention schools compared to students in control schools both at first (OR: 4.13; P = 0.0079) and second follow-up (OR: 3.27; P = 0.0317). No significant change in unhealthy snacking was found.ConclusionProvision of free breakfast at vocational schools can improve the dietary quality of breakfast and decrease breakfast skipping. However, the sustainability of the intervention is a critical issue that needs to be further studied and addressed.",
keywords = "Randomised controlled trial, Low socioeconomic status, Breakfast club, School meals, Adolescents, Eating Habits, Health promotion",
author = "Christensen, {Camilla Berg} and Mikkelsen, {Bent Egberg} and Ulla Toft",
year = "2019",
month = "4",
day = "3",
doi = "10.1186/s12889-019-6701-9",
language = "English",
volume = "19",
journal = "B M C Public Health",
issn = "1471-2458",
publisher = "BioMed Central",
number = "369",

}

The effect of introducing a free breakfast club on eating habits among students at vocational schools. / Christensen, Camilla Berg; Mikkelsen, Bent Egberg; Toft, Ulla .

I: B M C Public Health, Bind 19, Nr. 369, 03.04.2019.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effect of introducing a free breakfast club on eating habits among students at vocational schools

AU - Christensen, Camilla Berg

AU - Mikkelsen, Bent Egberg

AU - Toft, Ulla

PY - 2019/4/3

Y1 - 2019/4/3

N2 - BackgroundUnhealthy eating habits are a major problem among adolescents. The objective of the study was to assess the effect of a free breakfast club intervention on dietary habits among students at vocational schools.MethodsThe study included students (n = 318) from four vocational schools in Denmark. Food frequency questionnaires were used to measure eating habits at baseline, first, and second follow-up, after 7 and 14 weeks respectively, in a clustered randomized controlled intervention of four months. The effect of the intervention was evaluated through self-reported frequencies of breakfast intake, intake of whole grain products for breakfast and intake of unhealthy snacking in the morning. The outcome measures were daily breakfast intake (yes/no), daily intake of whole grain for breakfast (yes/no), and unhealthy snacking on school day mornings (yes/no).ResultsThe proportion of students who had breakfast every school day increased significantly in the intervention schools from baseline to the first follow-up compared to the control group (OR: 3.77; P = 0.0149). The effect was attenuated at the second follow-up. The intake of whole grain products for breakfast increased significantly more among students in intervention schools compared to students in control schools both at first (OR: 4.13; P = 0.0079) and second follow-up (OR: 3.27; P = 0.0317). No significant change in unhealthy snacking was found.ConclusionProvision of free breakfast at vocational schools can improve the dietary quality of breakfast and decrease breakfast skipping. However, the sustainability of the intervention is a critical issue that needs to be further studied and addressed.

AB - BackgroundUnhealthy eating habits are a major problem among adolescents. The objective of the study was to assess the effect of a free breakfast club intervention on dietary habits among students at vocational schools.MethodsThe study included students (n = 318) from four vocational schools in Denmark. Food frequency questionnaires were used to measure eating habits at baseline, first, and second follow-up, after 7 and 14 weeks respectively, in a clustered randomized controlled intervention of four months. The effect of the intervention was evaluated through self-reported frequencies of breakfast intake, intake of whole grain products for breakfast and intake of unhealthy snacking in the morning. The outcome measures were daily breakfast intake (yes/no), daily intake of whole grain for breakfast (yes/no), and unhealthy snacking on school day mornings (yes/no).ResultsThe proportion of students who had breakfast every school day increased significantly in the intervention schools from baseline to the first follow-up compared to the control group (OR: 3.77; P = 0.0149). The effect was attenuated at the second follow-up. The intake of whole grain products for breakfast increased significantly more among students in intervention schools compared to students in control schools both at first (OR: 4.13; P = 0.0079) and second follow-up (OR: 3.27; P = 0.0317). No significant change in unhealthy snacking was found.ConclusionProvision of free breakfast at vocational schools can improve the dietary quality of breakfast and decrease breakfast skipping. However, the sustainability of the intervention is a critical issue that needs to be further studied and addressed.

KW - Randomised controlled trial

KW - Low socioeconomic status

KW - Breakfast club

KW - School meals

KW - Adolescents

KW - Eating Habits

KW - Health promotion

U2 - 10.1186/s12889-019-6701-9

DO - 10.1186/s12889-019-6701-9

M3 - Journal article

VL - 19

JO - B M C Public Health

JF - B M C Public Health

SN - 1471-2458

IS - 369

ER -