The mitigation hierarchy upside down - A study of nature protection measures in Danish infrastructure projects

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Resumé

This paper presents a Danish study of mitigation directed at nature protection in environmental impact assessment (EIA) of infrastructure projects. The study is based on a document analysis of EIA reports, a workshop held with EIA professionals, and a study of two cases. The paper takes a point of departure in the mitigation hierarchy as a central conceptual framework, identifies which mitigation measures have been suggested in the EIA reports, and compares this to the mitigation hierarchy. Further, the paper explores the dynamics behind which mitigation measures are chosen and later implemented. The findings point to a discrepancy between the prevention principle embedded in the mitigation hierarchy and the actual EIA practice with increased use of nature compensation. Further, the research reveals significant variation in the design of mitigation measures, e.g. in the level of detail used in describing them and the level of clarity as to aims and actions.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftImpact Assessment and Project Appraisal
Vol/bind36
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)287-293
Antal sider7
ISSN1461-5517
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 4 jul. 2018

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environmental impact assessment
environmental impact
mitigation
infrastructure
document analysis
conceptual framework
nature protection
project
mitigation measure

Emneord

  • Miljøvurdering
  • VVM
  • Infrastrukturprojekter
  • afværge
  • Naturbeskyttelse

Citer dette

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title = "The mitigation hierarchy upside down - A study of nature protection measures in Danish infrastructure projects",
abstract = "This paper presents a Danish study of mitigation directed at nature protection in environmental impact assessment (EIA) of infrastructure projects. The study is based on a document analysis of EIA reports, a workshop held with EIA professionals, and a study of two cases. The paper takes a point of departure in the mitigation hierarchy as a central conceptual framework, identifies which mitigation measures have been suggested in the EIA reports, and compares this to the mitigation hierarchy. Further, the paper explores the dynamics behind which mitigation measures are chosen and later implemented. The findings point to a discrepancy between the prevention principle embedded in the mitigation hierarchy and the actual EIA practice with increased use of nature compensation. Further, the research reveals significant variation in the design of mitigation measures, e.g. in the level of detail used in describing them and the level of clarity as to aims and actions.",
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