The status of 4th generation district heating: Research and results

Henrik Lund, Poul Alberg Østergaard, Miguel Chang, Sven Werner, Svend Svendsen, Peter Sorknæs, Jan Eric Thorsen, Frede Hvelplund, Bent Ole Gram Mortensen, Brian Vad Mathiesen, Carsten Bojesen, Neven Duic, Xiliang Zhang, Bernd Möller

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReview (oversigtsartikel)Forskningpeer review

17 Citationer (Scopus)

Resumé

This review article presents a description of contemporary developments and findings related to the different elements needed in future 4th generation district heating systems (4GDH). Unlike the first three generations of district heating, the development of 4GDH involves meeting the challenge of more energy efficient buildings as well as the integration of district heating into a future smart energy system based on renewable energy sources. Following a review of recent 4GDH research, the article quantifies the costs and benefits of 4GDH in future sustainable energy systems. Costs involve an upgrade of heating systems and of the operation of the distribution grids, while benefits are lower grid losses, a better utilization of low-temperature heat sources and improved efficiency in the production compared to previous district heating systems. It is quantified how benefits exceed costs by a safe margin with the benefits of systems integration being the most important.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftEnergy
Vol/bind164
Sider (fra-til)147-159
Antal sider13
ISSN0360-5442
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1 dec. 2018

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District heating
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    Lund, Henrik ; Østergaard, Poul Alberg ; Chang, Miguel ; Werner, Sven ; Svendsen, Svend ; Sorknæs, Peter ; Thorsen, Jan Eric ; Hvelplund, Frede ; Mortensen, Bent Ole Gram ; Mathiesen, Brian Vad ; Bojesen, Carsten ; Duic, Neven ; Zhang, Xiliang ; Möller, Bernd. / The status of 4th generation district heating : Research and results. I: Energy. 2018 ; Bind 164. s. 147-159.
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    title = "The status of 4th generation district heating: Research and results",
    abstract = "This review article presents a description of contemporary developments and findings related to the different elements needed in future 4th generation district heating systems (4GDH). Unlike the first three generations of district heating, the development of 4GDH involves meeting the challenge of more energy efficient buildings as well as the integration of district heating into a future smart energy system based on renewable energy sources. Following a review of recent 4GDH research, the article quantifies the costs and benefits of 4GDH in future sustainable energy systems. Costs involve an upgrade of heating systems and of the operation of the distribution grids, while benefits are lower grid losses, a better utilization of low-temperature heat sources and improved efficiency in the production compared to previous district heating systems. It is quantified how benefits exceed costs by a safe margin with the benefits of systems integration being the most important.",
    keywords = "4 generation district heating, 4GDH, Low-temperature district heating, Meta conclusions, Smart energy systems, Smart thermal grids",
    author = "Henrik Lund and {\O}stergaard, {Poul Alberg} and Miguel Chang and Sven Werner and Svend Svendsen and Peter Sorkn{\ae}s and Thorsen, {Jan Eric} and Frede Hvelplund and Mortensen, {Bent Ole Gram} and Mathiesen, {Brian Vad} and Carsten Bojesen and Neven Duic and Xiliang Zhang and Bernd M{\"o}ller",
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    The status of 4th generation district heating : Research and results. / Lund, Henrik; Østergaard, Poul Alberg; Chang, Miguel; Werner, Sven; Svendsen, Svend; Sorknæs, Peter; Thorsen, Jan Eric; Hvelplund, Frede; Mortensen, Bent Ole Gram; Mathiesen, Brian Vad; Bojesen, Carsten; Duic, Neven; Zhang, Xiliang; Möller, Bernd.

    I: Energy, Bind 164, 01.12.2018, s. 147-159.

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReview (oversigtsartikel)Forskningpeer review

    TY - JOUR

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    AU - Lund, Henrik

    AU - Østergaard, Poul Alberg

    AU - Chang, Miguel

    AU - Werner, Sven

    AU - Svendsen, Svend

    AU - Sorknæs, Peter

    AU - Thorsen, Jan Eric

    AU - Hvelplund, Frede

    AU - Mortensen, Bent Ole Gram

    AU - Mathiesen, Brian Vad

    AU - Bojesen, Carsten

    AU - Duic, Neven

    AU - Zhang, Xiliang

    AU - Möller, Bernd

    PY - 2018/12/1

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    AB - This review article presents a description of contemporary developments and findings related to the different elements needed in future 4th generation district heating systems (4GDH). Unlike the first three generations of district heating, the development of 4GDH involves meeting the challenge of more energy efficient buildings as well as the integration of district heating into a future smart energy system based on renewable energy sources. Following a review of recent 4GDH research, the article quantifies the costs and benefits of 4GDH in future sustainable energy systems. Costs involve an upgrade of heating systems and of the operation of the distribution grids, while benefits are lower grid losses, a better utilization of low-temperature heat sources and improved efficiency in the production compared to previous district heating systems. It is quantified how benefits exceed costs by a safe margin with the benefits of systems integration being the most important.

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