The urinary, vaginal and gut microbiota in women with genital lichen sclerosus - A case-control study

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

2 Citationer (Scopus)
13 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Lichen sclerosus (LS) is a chronic, autoimmune skin disease predominantly located in the anogenital region in women. In recent years, the role of the human microbiota in the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases, including LS, has received interest.

OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to evaluate and compare the composition of the urinary, vaginal and gut microbiota in women with LS versus non-affected controls.

STUDY DESIGN: Women diagnosed with LS (n = 16) and matched controls (n = 14) were enrolled in the study. From each participant, midstream urine, upper and lower vaginal swabs, as well as faecal samples, were collected. The microbiota composition was assessed using 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene sequencing of the V4 hypervariable region.

RESULTS: We observed no LS-specific clustering in either of the four anatomic niches, using either hierarchical cluster analysis or weighted beta diversity metrics. However, for unweighted UniFrac, significant differences in the urinary and lower vaginal microbiota were observed when comparing women with LS to controls. These findings indicate that while the two groups have microbiota dominated by the same bacteria, variations do occur amongst less abundant bacteria. The LEfSe analysis revealed a higher relative abundance of the genus Streptococcus in the urinary and lower vaginal microbiota in women with LS compared to controls. Additionally, a higher relative abundance of phylum Euryarchaeota was observed in the gut microbiota in women with LS compared to controls.

CONCLUSION: In this study, we demonstrated several differences amongst less abundant bacteria in the urinary, lower vaginal and faecal microbiota when comparing women with LS to controls. However, further research is required to assess whether these microbiota differences are causative or merely a result of the underlying LS disease.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftEuropean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology
Vol/bind289
Sider (fra-til)1-8
Antal sider8
ISSN0301-2115
DOI
StatusUdgivet - okt. 2023

Bibliografisk note

Copyright © 2023 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Fingeraftryk

Dyk ned i forskningsemnerne om 'The urinary, vaginal and gut microbiota in women with genital lichen sclerosus - A case-control study'. Sammen danner de et unikt fingeraftryk.

Citationsformater